blob: 1c513aefb7880aed42077116105b30a7cf7b1f6c [file] [log] [blame]
#ifndef _LINUX_MODULE_H
#define _LINUX_MODULE_H
/*
* Dynamic loading of modules into the kernel.
*
* Rewritten by Richard Henderson <rth@tamu.edu> Dec 1996
* Rewritten again by Rusty Russell, 2002
*/
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/stat.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/kmod.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/elf.h>
#include <linux/stringify.h>
#include <linux/kobject.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/jump_label.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/rbtree_latch.h>
#include <linux/error-injection.h>
#include <linux/tracepoint-defs.h>
#include <linux/cfi.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <asm/module.h>
/* In stripped ARM and x86-64 modules, ~ is surprisingly rare. */
#define MODULE_SIG_STRING "~Module signature appended~\n"
/* Not Yet Implemented */
#define MODULE_SUPPORTED_DEVICE(name)
#define MODULE_NAME_LEN MAX_PARAM_PREFIX_LEN
struct modversion_info {
unsigned long crc;
char name[MODULE_NAME_LEN];
};
struct module;
struct exception_table_entry;
struct module_kobject {
struct kobject kobj;
struct module *mod;
struct kobject *drivers_dir;
struct module_param_attrs *mp;
struct completion *kobj_completion;
} __randomize_layout;
struct module_attribute {
struct attribute attr;
ssize_t (*show)(struct module_attribute *, struct module_kobject *,
char *);
ssize_t (*store)(struct module_attribute *, struct module_kobject *,
const char *, size_t count);
void (*setup)(struct module *, const char *);
int (*test)(struct module *);
void (*free)(struct module *);
};
struct module_version_attribute {
struct module_attribute mattr;
const char *module_name;
const char *version;
} __attribute__ ((__aligned__(sizeof(void *))));
extern ssize_t __modver_version_show(struct module_attribute *,
struct module_kobject *, char *);
extern struct module_attribute module_uevent;
/* These are either module local, or the kernel's dummy ones. */
extern int init_module(void);
extern void cleanup_module(void);
#ifndef MODULE
/**
* module_init() - driver initialization entry point
* @x: function to be run at kernel boot time or module insertion
*
* module_init() will either be called during do_initcalls() (if
* builtin) or at module insertion time (if a module). There can only
* be one per module.
*/
#define module_init(x) __initcall(x);
/**
* module_exit() - driver exit entry point
* @x: function to be run when driver is removed
*
* module_exit() will wrap the driver clean-up code
* with cleanup_module() when used with rmmod when
* the driver is a module. If the driver is statically
* compiled into the kernel, module_exit() has no effect.
* There can only be one per module.
*/
#define module_exit(x) __exitcall(x);
#else /* MODULE */
/*
* In most cases loadable modules do not need custom
* initcall levels. There are still some valid cases where
* a driver may be needed early if built in, and does not
* matter when built as a loadable module. Like bus
* snooping debug drivers.
*/
#define early_initcall(fn) module_init(fn)
#define core_initcall(fn) module_init(fn)
#define core_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn)
#define postcore_initcall(fn) module_init(fn)
#define postcore_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn)
#define arch_initcall(fn) module_init(fn)
#define subsys_initcall(fn) module_init(fn)
#define subsys_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn)
#define fs_initcall(fn) module_init(fn)
#define fs_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn)
#define rootfs_initcall(fn) module_init(fn)
#define device_initcall(fn) module_init(fn)
#define device_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn)
#define late_initcall(fn) module_init(fn)
#define late_initcall_sync(fn) module_init(fn)
#define console_initcall(fn) module_init(fn)
#define security_initcall(fn) module_init(fn)
/* Each module must use one module_init(). */
#define module_init(initfn) \
static inline initcall_t __maybe_unused __inittest(void) \
{ return initfn; } \
int init_module(void) __copy(initfn) __attribute__((alias(#initfn)));
/* This is only required if you want to be unloadable. */
#define module_exit(exitfn) \
static inline exitcall_t __maybe_unused __exittest(void) \
{ return exitfn; } \
void cleanup_module(void) __copy(exitfn) __attribute__((alias(#exitfn)));
#endif
/* This means "can be init if no module support, otherwise module load
may call it." */
#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
#define __init_or_module
#define __initdata_or_module
#define __initconst_or_module
#define __INIT_OR_MODULE .text
#define __INITDATA_OR_MODULE .data
#define __INITRODATA_OR_MODULE .section ".rodata","a",%progbits
#else
#define __init_or_module __init
#define __initdata_or_module __initdata
#define __initconst_or_module __initconst
#define __INIT_OR_MODULE __INIT
#define __INITDATA_OR_MODULE __INITDATA
#define __INITRODATA_OR_MODULE __INITRODATA
#endif /*CONFIG_MODULES*/
/* Generic info of form tag = "info" */
#define MODULE_INFO(tag, info) __MODULE_INFO(tag, tag, info)
/* For userspace: you can also call me... */
#define MODULE_ALIAS(_alias) MODULE_INFO(alias, _alias)
/* Soft module dependencies. See man modprobe.d for details.
* Example: MODULE_SOFTDEP("pre: module-foo module-bar post: module-baz")
*/
#define MODULE_SOFTDEP(_softdep) MODULE_INFO(softdep, _softdep)
/*
* The following license idents are currently accepted as indicating free
* software modules
*
* "GPL" [GNU Public License v2 or later]
* "GPL v2" [GNU Public License v2]
* "GPL and additional rights" [GNU Public License v2 rights and more]
* "Dual BSD/GPL" [GNU Public License v2
* or BSD license choice]
* "Dual MIT/GPL" [GNU Public License v2
* or MIT license choice]
* "Dual MPL/GPL" [GNU Public License v2
* or Mozilla license choice]
*
* The following other idents are available
*
* "Proprietary" [Non free products]
*
* There are dual licensed components, but when running with Linux it is the
* GPL that is relevant so this is a non issue. Similarly LGPL linked with GPL
* is a GPL combined work.
*
* This exists for several reasons
* 1. So modinfo can show license info for users wanting to vet their setup
* is free
* 2. So the community can ignore bug reports including proprietary modules
* 3. So vendors can do likewise based on their own policies
*/
#define MODULE_LICENSE(_license) MODULE_INFO(license, _license)
/*
* Author(s), use "Name <email>" or just "Name", for multiple
* authors use multiple MODULE_AUTHOR() statements/lines.
*/
#define MODULE_AUTHOR(_author) MODULE_INFO(author, _author)
/* What your module does. */
#define MODULE_DESCRIPTION(_description) MODULE_INFO(description, _description)
#ifdef MODULE
/* Creates an alias so file2alias.c can find device table. */
#define MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(type, name) \
extern typeof(name) __mod_##type##__##name##_device_table \
__attribute__ ((unused, alias(__stringify(name))))
#else /* !MODULE */
#define MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(type, name)
#endif
/* Version of form [<epoch>:]<version>[-<extra-version>].
* Or for CVS/RCS ID version, everything but the number is stripped.
* <epoch>: A (small) unsigned integer which allows you to start versions
* anew. If not mentioned, it's zero. eg. "2:1.0" is after
* "1:2.0".
* <version>: The <version> may contain only alphanumerics and the
* character `.'. Ordered by numeric sort for numeric parts,
* ascii sort for ascii parts (as per RPM or DEB algorithm).
* <extraversion>: Like <version>, but inserted for local
* customizations, eg "rh3" or "rusty1".
* Using this automatically adds a checksum of the .c files and the
* local headers in "srcversion".
*/
#if defined(MODULE) || !defined(CONFIG_SYSFS)
#define MODULE_VERSION(_version) MODULE_INFO(version, _version)
#else
#define MODULE_VERSION(_version) \
static struct module_version_attribute ___modver_attr = { \
.mattr = { \
.attr = { \
.name = "version", \
.mode = S_IRUGO, \
}, \
.show = __modver_version_show, \
}, \
.module_name = KBUILD_MODNAME, \
.version = _version, \
}; \
static const struct module_version_attribute \
__used __attribute__ ((__section__ ("__modver"))) \
* __moduleparam_const __modver_attr = &___modver_attr
#endif
/* Optional firmware file (or files) needed by the module
* format is simply firmware file name. Multiple firmware
* files require multiple MODULE_FIRMWARE() specifiers */
#define MODULE_FIRMWARE(_firmware) MODULE_INFO(firmware, _firmware)
struct notifier_block;
#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
extern int modules_disabled; /* for sysctl */
/* Get/put a kernel symbol (calls must be symmetric) */
void *__symbol_get(const char *symbol);
void *__symbol_get_gpl(const char *symbol);
#define symbol_get(x) ((typeof(&x))(__symbol_get(__stringify(x))))
/* modules using other modules: kdb wants to see this. */
struct module_use {
struct list_head source_list;
struct list_head target_list;
struct module *source, *target;
};
enum module_state {
MODULE_STATE_LIVE, /* Normal state. */
MODULE_STATE_COMING, /* Full formed, running module_init. */
MODULE_STATE_GOING, /* Going away. */
MODULE_STATE_UNFORMED, /* Still setting it up. */
};
struct mod_tree_node {
struct module *mod;
struct latch_tree_node node;
};
struct module_layout {
/* The actual code + data. */
void *base;
/* Total size. */
unsigned int size;
/* The size of the executable code. */
unsigned int text_size;
/* Size of RO section of the module (text+rodata) */
unsigned int ro_size;
/* Size of RO after init section */
unsigned int ro_after_init_size;
#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES_TREE_LOOKUP
struct mod_tree_node mtn;
#endif
};
#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES_TREE_LOOKUP
/* Only touch one cacheline for common rbtree-for-core-layout case. */
#define __module_layout_align ____cacheline_aligned
#else
#define __module_layout_align
#endif
struct mod_kallsyms {
Elf_Sym *symtab;
unsigned int num_symtab;
char *strtab;
};
#ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH
struct klp_modinfo {
Elf_Ehdr hdr;
Elf_Shdr *sechdrs;
char *secstrings;
unsigned int symndx;
};
#endif
struct module {
enum module_state state;
/* Member of list of modules */
struct list_head list;
/* Unique handle for this module */
char name[MODULE_NAME_LEN];
/* Sysfs stuff. */
struct module_kobject mkobj;
struct module_attribute *modinfo_attrs;
const char *version;
const char *srcversion;
struct kobject *holders_dir;
/* Exported symbols */
const struct kernel_symbol *syms;
const s32 *crcs;
unsigned int num_syms;
#ifdef CONFIG_CFI_CLANG
cfi_check_fn cfi_check;
#endif
/* Kernel parameters. */
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
struct mutex param_lock;
#endif
struct kernel_param *kp;
unsigned int num_kp;
/* GPL-only exported symbols. */
unsigned int num_gpl_syms;
const struct kernel_symbol *gpl_syms;
const s32 *gpl_crcs;
#ifdef CONFIG_UNUSED_SYMBOLS
/* unused exported symbols. */
const struct kernel_symbol *unused_syms;
const s32 *unused_crcs;
unsigned int num_unused_syms;
/* GPL-only, unused exported symbols. */
unsigned int num_unused_gpl_syms;
const struct kernel_symbol *unused_gpl_syms;
const s32 *unused_gpl_crcs;
#endif
/*
* Signature was verified. Unconditionally compiled in Android to
* preserve ABI compatibility between kernels without module
* signing enabled and signed modules.
*/
bool sig_ok;
bool async_probe_requested;
/* symbols that will be GPL-only in the near future. */
const struct kernel_symbol *gpl_future_syms;
const s32 *gpl_future_crcs;
unsigned int num_gpl_future_syms;
/* Exception table */
unsigned int num_exentries;
struct exception_table_entry *extable;
/* Startup function. */
int (*init)(void);
/* Core layout: rbtree is accessed frequently, so keep together. */
struct module_layout core_layout __module_layout_align;
struct module_layout init_layout;
/* Arch-specific module values */
struct mod_arch_specific arch;
unsigned long taints; /* same bits as kernel:taint_flags */
#ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG
/* Support for BUG */
unsigned num_bugs;
struct list_head bug_list;
struct bug_entry *bug_table;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS
/* Protected by RCU and/or module_mutex: use rcu_dereference() */
struct mod_kallsyms *kallsyms;
struct mod_kallsyms core_kallsyms;
/* Section attributes */
struct module_sect_attrs *sect_attrs;
/* Notes attributes */
struct module_notes_attrs *notes_attrs;
#endif
/* The command line arguments (may be mangled). People like
keeping pointers to this stuff */
char *args;
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/* Per-cpu data. */
void __percpu *percpu;
unsigned int percpu_size;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS
unsigned int num_tracepoints;
tracepoint_ptr_t *tracepoints_ptrs;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL
struct jump_entry *jump_entries;
unsigned int num_jump_entries;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACING
unsigned int num_trace_bprintk_fmt;
const char **trace_bprintk_fmt_start;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_EVENT_TRACING
struct trace_event_call **trace_events;
unsigned int num_trace_events;
struct trace_eval_map **trace_evals;
unsigned int num_trace_evals;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_MCOUNT_RECORD
unsigned int num_ftrace_callsites;
unsigned long *ftrace_callsites;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH
bool klp; /* Is this a livepatch module? */
bool klp_alive;
/* Elf information */
struct klp_modinfo *klp_info;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD
/* What modules depend on me? */
struct list_head source_list;
/* What modules do I depend on? */
struct list_head target_list;
/* Destruction function. */
void (*exit)(void);
atomic_t refcnt;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_CONSTRUCTORS
/* Constructor functions. */
ctor_fn_t *ctors;
unsigned int num_ctors;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_ERROR_INJECTION
struct error_injection_entry *ei_funcs;
unsigned int num_ei_funcs;
#endif
} ____cacheline_aligned __randomize_layout;
#ifndef MODULE_ARCH_INIT
#define MODULE_ARCH_INIT {}
#endif
extern struct mutex module_mutex;
/* FIXME: It'd be nice to isolate modules during init, too, so they
aren't used before they (may) fail. But presently too much code
(IDE & SCSI) require entry into the module during init.*/
static inline bool module_is_live(struct module *mod)
{
return mod->state != MODULE_STATE_GOING;
}
struct module *__module_text_address(unsigned long addr);
struct module *__module_address(unsigned long addr);
bool is_module_address(unsigned long addr);
bool __is_module_percpu_address(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *can_addr);
bool is_module_percpu_address(unsigned long addr);
bool is_module_text_address(unsigned long addr);
static inline bool within_module_core(unsigned long addr,
const struct module *mod)
{
return (unsigned long)mod->core_layout.base <= addr &&
addr < (unsigned long)mod->core_layout.base + mod->core_layout.size;
}
static inline bool within_module_init(unsigned long addr,
const struct module *mod)
{
return (unsigned long)mod->init_layout.base <= addr &&
addr < (unsigned long)mod->init_layout.base + mod->init_layout.size;
}
static inline bool within_module(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod)
{
return within_module_init(addr, mod) || within_module_core(addr, mod);
}
/* Search for module by name: must hold module_mutex. */
struct module *find_module(const char *name);
struct symsearch {
const struct kernel_symbol *start, *stop;
const s32 *crcs;
enum {
NOT_GPL_ONLY,
GPL_ONLY,
WILL_BE_GPL_ONLY,
} licence;
bool unused;
};
/*
* Search for an exported symbol by name.
*
* Must be called with module_mutex held or preemption disabled.
*/
const struct kernel_symbol *find_symbol(const char *name,
struct module **owner,
const s32 **crc,
bool gplok,
bool warn);
/*
* Walk the exported symbol table
*
* Must be called with module_mutex held or preemption disabled.
*/
bool each_symbol_section(bool (*fn)(const struct symsearch *arr,
struct module *owner,
void *data), void *data);
/* Returns 0 and fills in value, defined and namebuf, or -ERANGE if
symnum out of range. */
int module_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value, char *type,
char *name, char *module_name, int *exported);
/* Look for this name: can be of form module:name. */
unsigned long module_kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name);
int module_kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *,
struct module *, unsigned long),
void *data);
extern void __noreturn __module_put_and_exit(struct module *mod,
long code);
#define module_put_and_exit(code) __module_put_and_exit(THIS_MODULE, code)
#ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD
int module_refcount(struct module *mod);
void __symbol_put(const char *symbol);
#define symbol_put(x) __symbol_put(__stringify(x))
void symbol_put_addr(void *addr);
/* Sometimes we know we already have a refcount, and it's easier not
to handle the error case (which only happens with rmmod --wait). */
extern void __module_get(struct module *module);
/* This is the Right Way to get a module: if it fails, it's being removed,
* so pretend it's not there. */
extern bool try_module_get(struct module *module);
extern void module_put(struct module *module);
#else /*!CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD*/
static inline bool try_module_get(struct module *module)
{
return !module || module_is_live(module);
}
static inline void module_put(struct module *module)
{
}
static inline void __module_get(struct module *module)
{
}
#define symbol_put(x) do { } while (0)
#define symbol_put_addr(p) do { } while (0)
#endif /* CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD */
int ref_module(struct module *a, struct module *b);
/* This is a #define so the string doesn't get put in every .o file */
#define module_name(mod) \
({ \
struct module *__mod = (mod); \
__mod ? __mod->name : "kernel"; \
})
/* Dereference module function descriptor */
void *dereference_module_function_descriptor(struct module *mod, void *ptr);
/* For kallsyms to ask for address resolution. namebuf should be at
* least KSYM_NAME_LEN long: a pointer to namebuf is returned if
* found, otherwise NULL. */
const char *module_address_lookup(unsigned long addr,
unsigned long *symbolsize,
unsigned long *offset,
char **modname,
char *namebuf);
int lookup_module_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname);
int lookup_module_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name);
int register_module_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb);
int unregister_module_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb);
extern void print_modules(void);
static inline bool module_requested_async_probing(struct module *module)
{
return module && module->async_probe_requested;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH
static inline bool is_livepatch_module(struct module *mod)
{
return mod->klp;
}
#else /* !CONFIG_LIVEPATCH */
static inline bool is_livepatch_module(struct module *mod)
{
return false;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_LIVEPATCH */
bool is_module_sig_enforced(void);
#else /* !CONFIG_MODULES... */
static inline struct module *__module_address(unsigned long addr)
{
return NULL;
}
static inline struct module *__module_text_address(unsigned long addr)
{
return NULL;
}
static inline bool is_module_address(unsigned long addr)
{
return false;
}
static inline bool is_module_percpu_address(unsigned long addr)
{
return false;
}
static inline bool __is_module_percpu_address(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *can_addr)
{
return false;
}
static inline bool is_module_text_address(unsigned long addr)
{
return false;
}
static inline bool within_module_core(unsigned long addr,
const struct module *mod)
{
return false;
}
static inline bool within_module_init(unsigned long addr,
const struct module *mod)
{
return false;
}
static inline bool within_module(unsigned long addr, const struct module *mod)
{
return false;
}
/* Get/put a kernel symbol (calls should be symmetric) */
#define symbol_get(x) ({ extern typeof(x) x __attribute__((weak)); &(x); })
#define symbol_put(x) do { } while (0)
#define symbol_put_addr(x) do { } while (0)
static inline void __module_get(struct module *module)
{
}
static inline bool try_module_get(struct module *module)
{
return true;
}
static inline void module_put(struct module *module)
{
}
#define module_name(mod) "kernel"
/* For kallsyms to ask for address resolution. NULL means not found. */
static inline const char *module_address_lookup(unsigned long addr,
unsigned long *symbolsize,
unsigned long *offset,
char **modname,
char *namebuf)
{
return NULL;
}
static inline int lookup_module_symbol_name(unsigned long addr, char *symname)
{
return -ERANGE;
}
static inline int lookup_module_symbol_attrs(unsigned long addr, unsigned long *size, unsigned long *offset, char *modname, char *name)
{
return -ERANGE;
}
static inline int module_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value,
char *type, char *name,
char *module_name, int *exported)
{
return -ERANGE;
}
static inline unsigned long module_kallsyms_lookup_name(const char *name)
{
return 0;
}
static inline int module_kallsyms_on_each_symbol(int (*fn)(void *, const char *,
struct module *,
unsigned long),
void *data)
{
return 0;
}
static inline int register_module_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)
{
/* no events will happen anyway, so this can always succeed */
return 0;
}
static inline int unregister_module_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)
{
return 0;
}
#define module_put_and_exit(code) do_exit(code)
static inline void print_modules(void)
{
}
static inline bool module_requested_async_probing(struct module *module)
{
return false;
}
static inline bool is_module_sig_enforced(void)
{
return false;
}
/* Dereference module function descriptor */
static inline
void *dereference_module_function_descriptor(struct module *mod, void *ptr)
{
return ptr;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_MODULES */
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
extern struct kset *module_kset;
extern struct kobj_type module_ktype;
extern int module_sysfs_initialized;
#endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */
#define symbol_request(x) try_then_request_module(symbol_get(x), "symbol:" #x)
/* BELOW HERE ALL THESE ARE OBSOLETE AND WILL VANISH */
#define __MODULE_STRING(x) __stringify(x)
#ifdef CONFIG_STRICT_MODULE_RWX
extern void set_all_modules_text_rw(void);
extern void set_all_modules_text_ro(void);
extern void module_enable_ro(const struct module *mod, bool after_init);
extern void module_disable_ro(const struct module *mod);
#else
static inline void set_all_modules_text_rw(void) { }
static inline void set_all_modules_text_ro(void) { }
static inline void module_enable_ro(const struct module *mod, bool after_init) { }
static inline void module_disable_ro(const struct module *mod) { }
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG
void module_bug_finalize(const Elf_Ehdr *, const Elf_Shdr *,
struct module *);
void module_bug_cleanup(struct module *);
#else /* !CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG */
static inline void module_bug_finalize(const Elf_Ehdr *hdr,
const Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
struct module *mod)
{
}
static inline void module_bug_cleanup(struct module *mod) {}
#endif /* CONFIG_GENERIC_BUG */
#ifdef CONFIG_RETPOLINE
extern bool retpoline_module_ok(bool has_retpoline);
#else
static inline bool retpoline_module_ok(bool has_retpoline)
{
return true;
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG
static inline bool module_sig_ok(struct module *module)
{
return module->sig_ok;
}
#else /* !CONFIG_MODULE_SIG */
static inline bool module_sig_ok(struct module *module)
{
return true;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_MODULE_SIG */
#endif /* _LINUX_MODULE_H */