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* Copyright (C) 2012,2013 - ARM Ltd
* Author: Marc Zyngier <>
* Derived from arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_host.h:
* Copyright (C) 2012 - Virtual Open Systems and Columbia University
* Author: Christoffer Dall <>
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* GNU General Public License for more details.
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program. If not, see <>.
#ifndef __ARM64_KVM_HOST_H__
#define __ARM64_KVM_HOST_H__
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kvm_types.h>
#include <asm/kvm.h>
#include <asm/kvm_asm.h>
#include <asm/kvm_mmio.h>
#include <kvm/arm_vgic.h>
#include <kvm/arm_arch_timer.h>
int __attribute_const__ kvm_target_cpu(void);
int kvm_reset_vcpu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int kvm_arch_dev_ioctl_check_extension(long ext);
struct kvm_arch {
/* The VMID generation used for the virt. memory system */
u64 vmid_gen;
u32 vmid;
/* 1-level 2nd stage table and lock */
spinlock_t pgd_lock;
pgd_t *pgd;
/* VTTBR value associated with above pgd and vmid */
u64 vttbr;
/* The maximum number of vCPUs depends on the used GIC model */
int max_vcpus;
/* Interrupt controller */
struct vgic_dist vgic;
/* Timer */
struct arch_timer_kvm timer;
#define KVM_NR_MEM_OBJS 40
* We don't want allocation failures within the mmu code, so we preallocate
* enough memory for a single page fault in a cache.
struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache {
int nobjs;
void *objects[KVM_NR_MEM_OBJS];
struct kvm_vcpu_fault_info {
u32 esr_el2; /* Hyp Syndrom Register */
u64 far_el2; /* Hyp Fault Address Register */
u64 hpfar_el2; /* Hyp IPA Fault Address Register */
struct kvm_cpu_context {
struct kvm_regs gp_regs;
union {
u64 sys_regs[NR_SYS_REGS];
u32 copro[NR_COPRO_REGS];
typedef struct kvm_cpu_context kvm_cpu_context_t;
struct kvm_vcpu_arch {
struct kvm_cpu_context ctxt;
/* HYP configuration */
u64 hcr_el2;
u32 mdcr_el2;
/* Exception Information */
struct kvm_vcpu_fault_info fault;
/* Guest debug state */
u64 debug_flags;
* We maintain more than a single set of debug registers to support
* debugging the guest from the host and to maintain separate host and
* guest state during world switches. vcpu_debug_state are the debug
* registers of the vcpu as the guest sees them. host_debug_state are
* the host registers which are saved and restored during
* world switches. external_debug_state contains the debug
* values we want to debug the guest. This is set via the
* debug_ptr points to the set of debug registers that should be loaded
* onto the hardware when running the guest.
struct kvm_guest_debug_arch *debug_ptr;
struct kvm_guest_debug_arch vcpu_debug_state;
struct kvm_guest_debug_arch external_debug_state;
/* Pointer to host CPU context */
kvm_cpu_context_t *host_cpu_context;
struct kvm_guest_debug_arch host_debug_state;
/* VGIC state */
struct vgic_cpu vgic_cpu;
struct arch_timer_cpu timer_cpu;
* Anything that is not used directly from assembly code goes
* here.
* Guest registers we preserve during guest debugging.
* These shadow registers are updated by the kvm_handle_sys_reg
* trap handler if the guest accesses or updates them while we
* are using guest debug.
struct {
u32 mdscr_el1;
} guest_debug_preserved;
/* vcpu power-off state */
bool power_off;
/* Don't run the guest (internal implementation need) */
bool pause;
/* IO related fields */
struct kvm_decode mmio_decode;
/* Interrupt related fields */
u64 irq_lines; /* IRQ and FIQ levels */
/* Cache some mmu pages needed inside spinlock regions */
struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache mmu_page_cache;
/* Target CPU and feature flags */
int target;
/* Detect first run of a vcpu */
bool has_run_once;
#define vcpu_gp_regs(v) (&(v)->arch.ctxt.gp_regs)
#define vcpu_sys_reg(v,r) ((v)->arch.ctxt.sys_regs[(r)])
* CP14 and CP15 live in the same array, as they are backed by the
* same system registers.
#define vcpu_cp14(v,r) ((v)->arch.ctxt.copro[(r)])
#define vcpu_cp15(v,r) ((v)->arch.ctxt.copro[(r)])
#define vcpu_cp15_64_high(v,r) vcpu_cp15((v),(r))
#define vcpu_cp15_64_low(v,r) vcpu_cp15((v),(r) + 1)
#define vcpu_cp15_64_high(v,r) vcpu_cp15((v),(r) + 1)
#define vcpu_cp15_64_low(v,r) vcpu_cp15((v),(r))
struct kvm_vm_stat {
u32 remote_tlb_flush;
struct kvm_vcpu_stat {
u32 halt_successful_poll;
u32 halt_attempted_poll;
u32 halt_wakeup;
int kvm_vcpu_preferred_target(struct kvm_vcpu_init *init);
unsigned long kvm_arm_num_regs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int kvm_arm_copy_reg_indices(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 __user *indices);
int kvm_arm_get_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, const struct kvm_one_reg *reg);
int kvm_arm_set_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, const struct kvm_one_reg *reg);
int kvm_unmap_hva(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long hva);
int kvm_unmap_hva_range(struct kvm *kvm,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
void kvm_set_spte_hva(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long hva, pte_t pte);
int kvm_age_hva(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long start, unsigned long end);
int kvm_test_age_hva(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long hva);
/* We do not have shadow page tables, hence the empty hooks */
static inline void kvm_arch_mmu_notifier_invalidate_page(struct kvm *kvm,
unsigned long address)
struct kvm_vcpu *kvm_arm_get_running_vcpu(void);
struct kvm_vcpu * __percpu *kvm_get_running_vcpus(void);
u64 kvm_call_hyp(void *hypfn, ...);
void force_vm_exit(const cpumask_t *mask);
void kvm_mmu_wp_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm, int slot);
int handle_exit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run,
int exception_index);
int kvm_perf_init(void);
int kvm_perf_teardown(void);
struct kvm_vcpu *kvm_mpidr_to_vcpu(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned long mpidr);
static inline void __cpu_init_hyp_mode(phys_addr_t boot_pgd_ptr,
phys_addr_t pgd_ptr,
unsigned long hyp_stack_ptr,
unsigned long vector_ptr)
* Call initialization code, and switch to the full blown
* HYP code.
kvm_call_hyp((void *)boot_pgd_ptr, pgd_ptr,
hyp_stack_ptr, vector_ptr);
static inline void kvm_arch_hardware_disable(void) {}
static inline void kvm_arch_hardware_unsetup(void) {}
static inline void kvm_arch_sync_events(struct kvm *kvm) {}
static inline void kvm_arch_vcpu_uninit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu) {}
static inline void kvm_arch_sched_in(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int cpu) {}
void kvm_arm_init_debug(void);
void kvm_arm_setup_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void kvm_arm_clear_debug(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void kvm_arm_reset_debug_ptr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
#endif /* __ARM64_KVM_HOST_H__ */