blob: 5e567d0fbb012ec3e64c64e3833c0c34fb56f20d [file] [log] [blame]
/*
* linux/fs/jbd2/transaction.c
*
* Written by Stephen C. Tweedie <sct@redhat.com>, 1998
*
* Copyright 1998 Red Hat corp --- All Rights Reserved
*
* This file is part of the Linux kernel and is made available under
* the terms of the GNU General Public License, version 2, or at your
* option, any later version, incorporated herein by reference.
*
* Generic filesystem transaction handling code; part of the ext2fs
* journaling system.
*
* This file manages transactions (compound commits managed by the
* journaling code) and handles (individual atomic operations by the
* filesystem).
*/
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/jbd2.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/hrtimer.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/bug.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <trace/events/jbd2.h>
static void __jbd2_journal_temp_unlink_buffer(struct journal_head *jh);
static void __jbd2_journal_unfile_buffer(struct journal_head *jh);
static struct kmem_cache *transaction_cache;
int __init jbd2_journal_init_transaction_cache(void)
{
J_ASSERT(!transaction_cache);
transaction_cache = kmem_cache_create("jbd2_transaction_s",
sizeof(transaction_t),
0,
SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_TEMPORARY,
NULL);
if (transaction_cache)
return 0;
return -ENOMEM;
}
void jbd2_journal_destroy_transaction_cache(void)
{
if (transaction_cache) {
kmem_cache_destroy(transaction_cache);
transaction_cache = NULL;
}
}
void jbd2_journal_free_transaction(transaction_t *transaction)
{
if (unlikely(ZERO_OR_NULL_PTR(transaction)))
return;
kmem_cache_free(transaction_cache, transaction);
}
/*
* jbd2_get_transaction: obtain a new transaction_t object.
*
* Simply allocate and initialise a new transaction. Create it in
* RUNNING state and add it to the current journal (which should not
* have an existing running transaction: we only make a new transaction
* once we have started to commit the old one).
*
* Preconditions:
* The journal MUST be locked. We don't perform atomic mallocs on the
* new transaction and we can't block without protecting against other
* processes trying to touch the journal while it is in transition.
*
*/
static transaction_t *
jbd2_get_transaction(journal_t *journal, transaction_t *transaction)
{
transaction->t_journal = journal;
transaction->t_state = T_RUNNING;
transaction->t_start_time = ktime_get();
transaction->t_tid = journal->j_transaction_sequence++;
transaction->t_expires = jiffies + journal->j_commit_interval;
spin_lock_init(&transaction->t_handle_lock);
atomic_set(&transaction->t_updates, 0);
atomic_set(&transaction->t_outstanding_credits,
atomic_read(&journal->j_reserved_credits));
atomic_set(&transaction->t_handle_count, 0);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&transaction->t_inode_list);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&transaction->t_private_list);
/* Set up the commit timer for the new transaction. */
journal->j_commit_timer.expires = round_jiffies_up(transaction->t_expires);
add_timer(&journal->j_commit_timer);
J_ASSERT(journal->j_running_transaction == NULL);
journal->j_running_transaction = transaction;
transaction->t_max_wait = 0;
transaction->t_start = jiffies;
transaction->t_requested = 0;
return transaction;
}
/*
* Handle management.
*
* A handle_t is an object which represents a single atomic update to a
* filesystem, and which tracks all of the modifications which form part
* of that one update.
*/
/*
* Update transaction's maximum wait time, if debugging is enabled.
*
* In order for t_max_wait to be reliable, it must be protected by a
* lock. But doing so will mean that start_this_handle() can not be
* run in parallel on SMP systems, which limits our scalability. So
* unless debugging is enabled, we no longer update t_max_wait, which
* means that maximum wait time reported by the jbd2_run_stats
* tracepoint will always be zero.
*/
static inline void update_t_max_wait(transaction_t *transaction,
unsigned long ts)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_JBD2_DEBUG
if (jbd2_journal_enable_debug &&
time_after(transaction->t_start, ts)) {
ts = jbd2_time_diff(ts, transaction->t_start);
spin_lock(&transaction->t_handle_lock);
if (ts > transaction->t_max_wait)
transaction->t_max_wait = ts;
spin_unlock(&transaction->t_handle_lock);
}
#endif
}
/*
* Wait until running transaction passes T_LOCKED state. Also starts the commit
* if needed. The function expects running transaction to exist and releases
* j_state_lock.
*/
static void wait_transaction_locked(journal_t *journal)
__releases(journal->j_state_lock)
{
DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
int need_to_start;
tid_t tid = journal->j_running_transaction->t_tid;
prepare_to_wait(&journal->j_wait_transaction_locked, &wait,
TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
need_to_start = !tid_geq(journal->j_commit_request, tid);
read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
if (need_to_start)
jbd2_log_start_commit(journal, tid);
schedule();
finish_wait(&journal->j_wait_transaction_locked, &wait);
}
static void sub_reserved_credits(journal_t *journal, int blocks)
{
atomic_sub(blocks, &journal->j_reserved_credits);
wake_up(&journal->j_wait_reserved);
}
/*
* Wait until we can add credits for handle to the running transaction. Called
* with j_state_lock held for reading. Returns 0 if handle joined the running
* transaction. Returns 1 if we had to wait, j_state_lock is dropped, and
* caller must retry.
*/
static int add_transaction_credits(journal_t *journal, int blocks,
int rsv_blocks)
{
transaction_t *t = journal->j_running_transaction;
int needed;
int total = blocks + rsv_blocks;
/*
* If the current transaction is locked down for commit, wait
* for the lock to be released.
*/
if (t->t_state == T_LOCKED) {
wait_transaction_locked(journal);
return 1;
}
/*
* If there is not enough space left in the log to write all
* potential buffers requested by this operation, we need to
* stall pending a log checkpoint to free some more log space.
*/
needed = atomic_add_return(total, &t->t_outstanding_credits);
if (needed > journal->j_max_transaction_buffers) {
/*
* If the current transaction is already too large,
* then start to commit it: we can then go back and
* attach this handle to a new transaction.
*/
atomic_sub(total, &t->t_outstanding_credits);
/*
* Is the number of reserved credits in the current transaction too
* big to fit this handle? Wait until reserved credits are freed.
*/
if (atomic_read(&journal->j_reserved_credits) + total >
journal->j_max_transaction_buffers) {
read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
wait_event(journal->j_wait_reserved,
atomic_read(&journal->j_reserved_credits) + total <=
journal->j_max_transaction_buffers);
return 1;
}
wait_transaction_locked(journal);
return 1;
}
/*
* The commit code assumes that it can get enough log space
* without forcing a checkpoint. This is *critical* for
* correctness: a checkpoint of a buffer which is also
* associated with a committing transaction creates a deadlock,
* so commit simply cannot force through checkpoints.
*
* We must therefore ensure the necessary space in the journal
* *before* starting to dirty potentially checkpointed buffers
* in the new transaction.
*/
if (jbd2_log_space_left(journal) < jbd2_space_needed(journal)) {
atomic_sub(total, &t->t_outstanding_credits);
read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock);
if (jbd2_log_space_left(journal) < jbd2_space_needed(journal))
__jbd2_log_wait_for_space(journal);
write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
return 1;
}
/* No reservation? We are done... */
if (!rsv_blocks)
return 0;
needed = atomic_add_return(rsv_blocks, &journal->j_reserved_credits);
/* We allow at most half of a transaction to be reserved */
if (needed > journal->j_max_transaction_buffers / 2) {
sub_reserved_credits(journal, rsv_blocks);
atomic_sub(total, &t->t_outstanding_credits);
read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
wait_event(journal->j_wait_reserved,
atomic_read(&journal->j_reserved_credits) + rsv_blocks
<= journal->j_max_transaction_buffers / 2);
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* start_this_handle: Given a handle, deal with any locking or stalling
* needed to make sure that there is enough journal space for the handle
* to begin. Attach the handle to a transaction and set up the
* transaction's buffer credits.
*/
static int start_this_handle(journal_t *journal, handle_t *handle,
gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
transaction_t *transaction, *new_transaction = NULL;
int blocks = handle->h_buffer_credits;
int rsv_blocks = 0;
unsigned long ts = jiffies;
if (handle->h_rsv_handle)
rsv_blocks = handle->h_rsv_handle->h_buffer_credits;
/*
* Limit the number of reserved credits to 1/2 of maximum transaction
* size and limit the number of total credits to not exceed maximum
* transaction size per operation.
*/
if ((rsv_blocks > journal->j_max_transaction_buffers / 2) ||
(rsv_blocks + blocks > journal->j_max_transaction_buffers)) {
printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: %s wants too many credits "
"credits:%d rsv_credits:%d max:%d\n",
current->comm, blocks, rsv_blocks,
journal->j_max_transaction_buffers);
WARN_ON(1);
return -ENOSPC;
}
alloc_transaction:
if (!journal->j_running_transaction) {
/*
* If __GFP_FS is not present, then we may be being called from
* inside the fs writeback layer, so we MUST NOT fail.
*/
if ((gfp_mask & __GFP_FS) == 0)
gfp_mask |= __GFP_NOFAIL;
new_transaction = kmem_cache_zalloc(transaction_cache,
gfp_mask);
if (!new_transaction)
return -ENOMEM;
}
jbd_debug(3, "New handle %p going live.\n", handle);
/*
* We need to hold j_state_lock until t_updates has been incremented,
* for proper journal barrier handling
*/
repeat:
read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock);
BUG_ON(journal->j_flags & JBD2_UNMOUNT);
if (is_journal_aborted(journal) ||
(journal->j_errno != 0 && !(journal->j_flags & JBD2_ACK_ERR))) {
read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
jbd2_journal_free_transaction(new_transaction);
return -EROFS;
}
/*
* Wait on the journal's transaction barrier if necessary. Specifically
* we allow reserved handles to proceed because otherwise commit could
* deadlock on page writeback not being able to complete.
*/
if (!handle->h_reserved && journal->j_barrier_count) {
read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
wait_event(journal->j_wait_transaction_locked,
journal->j_barrier_count == 0);
goto repeat;
}
if (!journal->j_running_transaction) {
read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
if (!new_transaction)
goto alloc_transaction;
write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock);
if (!journal->j_running_transaction &&
(handle->h_reserved || !journal->j_barrier_count)) {
jbd2_get_transaction(journal, new_transaction);
new_transaction = NULL;
}
write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
goto repeat;
}
transaction = journal->j_running_transaction;
if (!handle->h_reserved) {
/* We may have dropped j_state_lock - restart in that case */
if (add_transaction_credits(journal, blocks, rsv_blocks))
goto repeat;
} else {
/*
* We have handle reserved so we are allowed to join T_LOCKED
* transaction and we don't have to check for transaction size
* and journal space.
*/
sub_reserved_credits(journal, blocks);
handle->h_reserved = 0;
}
/* OK, account for the buffers that this operation expects to
* use and add the handle to the running transaction.
*/
update_t_max_wait(transaction, ts);
handle->h_transaction = transaction;
handle->h_requested_credits = blocks;
handle->h_start_jiffies = jiffies;
atomic_inc(&transaction->t_updates);
atomic_inc(&transaction->t_handle_count);
jbd_debug(4, "Handle %p given %d credits (total %d, free %lu)\n",
handle, blocks,
atomic_read(&transaction->t_outstanding_credits),
jbd2_log_space_left(journal));
read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
current->journal_info = handle;
lock_map_acquire(&handle->h_lockdep_map);
jbd2_journal_free_transaction(new_transaction);
return 0;
}
static struct lock_class_key jbd2_handle_key;
/* Allocate a new handle. This should probably be in a slab... */
static handle_t *new_handle(int nblocks)
{
handle_t *handle = jbd2_alloc_handle(GFP_NOFS);
if (!handle)
return NULL;
handle->h_buffer_credits = nblocks;
handle->h_ref = 1;
lockdep_init_map(&handle->h_lockdep_map, "jbd2_handle",
&jbd2_handle_key, 0);
return handle;
}
/**
* handle_t *jbd2_journal_start() - Obtain a new handle.
* @journal: Journal to start transaction on.
* @nblocks: number of block buffer we might modify
*
* We make sure that the transaction can guarantee at least nblocks of
* modified buffers in the log. We block until the log can guarantee
* that much space. Additionally, if rsv_blocks > 0, we also create another
* handle with rsv_blocks reserved blocks in the journal. This handle is
* is stored in h_rsv_handle. It is not attached to any particular transaction
* and thus doesn't block transaction commit. If the caller uses this reserved
* handle, it has to set h_rsv_handle to NULL as otherwise jbd2_journal_stop()
* on the parent handle will dispose the reserved one. Reserved handle has to
* be converted to a normal handle using jbd2_journal_start_reserved() before
* it can be used.
*
* Return a pointer to a newly allocated handle, or an ERR_PTR() value
* on failure.
*/
handle_t *jbd2__journal_start(journal_t *journal, int nblocks, int rsv_blocks,
gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int type,
unsigned int line_no)
{
handle_t *handle = journal_current_handle();
int err;
if (!journal)
return ERR_PTR(-EROFS);
if (handle) {
J_ASSERT(handle->h_transaction->t_journal == journal);
handle->h_ref++;
return handle;
}
handle = new_handle(nblocks);
if (!handle)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
if (rsv_blocks) {
handle_t *rsv_handle;
rsv_handle = new_handle(rsv_blocks);
if (!rsv_handle) {
jbd2_free_handle(handle);
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
}
rsv_handle->h_reserved = 1;
rsv_handle->h_journal = journal;
handle->h_rsv_handle = rsv_handle;
}
err = start_this_handle(journal, handle, gfp_mask);
if (err < 0) {
if (handle->h_rsv_handle)
jbd2_free_handle(handle->h_rsv_handle);
jbd2_free_handle(handle);
return ERR_PTR(err);
}
handle->h_type = type;
handle->h_line_no = line_no;
trace_jbd2_handle_start(journal->j_fs_dev->bd_dev,
handle->h_transaction->t_tid, type,
line_no, nblocks);
return handle;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2__journal_start);
handle_t *jbd2_journal_start(journal_t *journal, int nblocks)
{
return jbd2__journal_start(journal, nblocks, 0, GFP_NOFS, 0, 0);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_start);
void jbd2_journal_free_reserved(handle_t *handle)
{
journal_t *journal = handle->h_journal;
WARN_ON(!handle->h_reserved);
sub_reserved_credits(journal, handle->h_buffer_credits);
jbd2_free_handle(handle);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_free_reserved);
/**
* int jbd2_journal_start_reserved(handle_t *handle) - start reserved handle
* @handle: handle to start
*
* Start handle that has been previously reserved with jbd2_journal_reserve().
* This attaches @handle to the running transaction (or creates one if there's
* not transaction running). Unlike jbd2_journal_start() this function cannot
* block on journal commit, checkpointing, or similar stuff. It can block on
* memory allocation or frozen journal though.
*
* Return 0 on success, non-zero on error - handle is freed in that case.
*/
int jbd2_journal_start_reserved(handle_t *handle, unsigned int type,
unsigned int line_no)
{
journal_t *journal = handle->h_journal;
int ret = -EIO;
if (WARN_ON(!handle->h_reserved)) {
/* Someone passed in normal handle? Just stop it. */
jbd2_journal_stop(handle);
return ret;
}
/*
* Usefulness of mixing of reserved and unreserved handles is
* questionable. So far nobody seems to need it so just error out.
*/
if (WARN_ON(current->journal_info)) {
jbd2_journal_free_reserved(handle);
return ret;
}
handle->h_journal = NULL;
/*
* GFP_NOFS is here because callers are likely from writeback or
* similarly constrained call sites
*/
ret = start_this_handle(journal, handle, GFP_NOFS);
if (ret < 0) {
jbd2_journal_free_reserved(handle);
return ret;
}
handle->h_type = type;
handle->h_line_no = line_no;
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_start_reserved);
/**
* int jbd2_journal_extend() - extend buffer credits.
* @handle: handle to 'extend'
* @nblocks: nr blocks to try to extend by.
*
* Some transactions, such as large extends and truncates, can be done
* atomically all at once or in several stages. The operation requests
* a credit for a number of buffer modications in advance, but can
* extend its credit if it needs more.
*
* jbd2_journal_extend tries to give the running handle more buffer credits.
* It does not guarantee that allocation - this is a best-effort only.
* The calling process MUST be able to deal cleanly with a failure to
* extend here.
*
* Return 0 on success, non-zero on failure.
*
* return code < 0 implies an error
* return code > 0 implies normal transaction-full status.
*/
int jbd2_journal_extend(handle_t *handle, int nblocks)
{
transaction_t *transaction = handle->h_transaction;
journal_t *journal;
int result;
int wanted;
if (is_handle_aborted(handle))
return -EROFS;
journal = transaction->t_journal;
result = 1;
read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock);
/* Don't extend a locked-down transaction! */
if (transaction->t_state != T_RUNNING) {
jbd_debug(3, "denied handle %p %d blocks: "
"transaction not running\n", handle, nblocks);
goto error_out;
}
spin_lock(&transaction->t_handle_lock);
wanted = atomic_add_return(nblocks,
&transaction->t_outstanding_credits);
if (wanted > journal->j_max_transaction_buffers) {
jbd_debug(3, "denied handle %p %d blocks: "
"transaction too large\n", handle, nblocks);
atomic_sub(nblocks, &transaction->t_outstanding_credits);
goto unlock;
}
if (wanted + (wanted >> JBD2_CONTROL_BLOCKS_SHIFT) >
jbd2_log_space_left(journal)) {
jbd_debug(3, "denied handle %p %d blocks: "
"insufficient log space\n", handle, nblocks);
atomic_sub(nblocks, &transaction->t_outstanding_credits);
goto unlock;
}
trace_jbd2_handle_extend(journal->j_fs_dev->bd_dev,
transaction->t_tid,
handle->h_type, handle->h_line_no,
handle->h_buffer_credits,
nblocks);
handle->h_buffer_credits += nblocks;
handle->h_requested_credits += nblocks;
result = 0;
jbd_debug(3, "extended handle %p by %d\n", handle, nblocks);
unlock:
spin_unlock(&transaction->t_handle_lock);
error_out:
read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
return result;
}
/**
* int jbd2_journal_restart() - restart a handle .
* @handle: handle to restart
* @nblocks: nr credits requested
*
* Restart a handle for a multi-transaction filesystem
* operation.
*
* If the jbd2_journal_extend() call above fails to grant new buffer credits
* to a running handle, a call to jbd2_journal_restart will commit the
* handle's transaction so far and reattach the handle to a new
* transaction capabable of guaranteeing the requested number of
* credits. We preserve reserved handle if there's any attached to the
* passed in handle.
*/
int jbd2__journal_restart(handle_t *handle, int nblocks, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
transaction_t *transaction = handle->h_transaction;
journal_t *journal;
tid_t tid;
int need_to_start, ret;
/* If we've had an abort of any type, don't even think about
* actually doing the restart! */
if (is_handle_aborted(handle))
return 0;
journal = transaction->t_journal;
/*
* First unlink the handle from its current transaction, and start the
* commit on that.
*/
J_ASSERT(atomic_read(&transaction->t_updates) > 0);
J_ASSERT(journal_current_handle() == handle);
read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock);
spin_lock(&transaction->t_handle_lock);
atomic_sub(handle->h_buffer_credits,
&transaction->t_outstanding_credits);
if (handle->h_rsv_handle) {
sub_reserved_credits(journal,
handle->h_rsv_handle->h_buffer_credits);
}
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&transaction->t_updates))
wake_up(&journal->j_wait_updates);
tid = transaction->t_tid;
spin_unlock(&transaction->t_handle_lock);
handle->h_transaction = NULL;
current->journal_info = NULL;
jbd_debug(2, "restarting handle %p\n", handle);
need_to_start = !tid_geq(journal->j_commit_request, tid);
read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
if (need_to_start)
jbd2_log_start_commit(journal, tid);
lock_map_release(&handle->h_lockdep_map);
handle->h_buffer_credits = nblocks;
ret = start_this_handle(journal, handle, gfp_mask);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2__journal_restart);
int jbd2_journal_restart(handle_t *handle, int nblocks)
{
return jbd2__journal_restart(handle, nblocks, GFP_NOFS);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(jbd2_journal_restart);
/**
* void jbd2_journal_lock_updates () - establish a transaction barrier.
* @journal: Journal to establish a barrier on.
*
* This locks out any further updates from being started, and blocks
* until all existing updates have completed, returning only once the
* journal is in a quiescent state with no updates running.
*
* The journal lock should not be held on entry.
*/
void jbd2_journal_lock_updates(journal_t *journal)
{
DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock);
++journal->j_barrier_count;
/* Wait until there are no reserved handles */
if (atomic_read(&journal->j_reserved_credits)) {
write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
wait_event(journal->j_wait_reserved,
atomic_read(&journal->j_reserved_credits) == 0);
write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock);
}
/* Wait until there are no running updates */
while (1) {
transaction_t *transaction = journal->j_running_transaction;
if (!transaction)
break;
spin_lock(&transaction->t_handle_lock);
prepare_to_wait(&journal->j_wait_updates, &wait,
TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
if (!atomic_read(&transaction->t_updates)) {
spin_unlock(&transaction->t_handle_lock);
finish_wait(&journal->j_wait_updates, &wait);
break;
}
spin_unlock(&transaction->t_handle_lock);
write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
schedule();
finish_wait(&journal->j_wait_updates, &wait);
write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock);
}
write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
/*
* We have now established a barrier against other normal updates, but
* we also need to barrier against other jbd2_journal_lock_updates() calls
* to make sure that we serialise special journal-locked operations
* too.
*/
mutex_lock(&journal->j_barrier);
}
/**
* void jbd2_journal_unlock_updates (journal_t* journal) - release barrier
* @journal: Journal to release the barrier on.
*
* Release a transaction barrier obtained with jbd2_journal_lock_updates().
*
* Should be called without the journal lock held.
*/
void jbd2_journal_unlock_updates (journal_t *journal)
{
J_ASSERT(journal->j_barrier_count != 0);
mutex_unlock(&journal->j_barrier);
write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock);
--journal->j_barrier_count;
write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
wake_up(&journal->j_wait_transaction_locked);
}
static void warn_dirty_buffer(struct buffer_head *bh)
{
char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
printk(KERN_WARNING
"JBD2: Spotted dirty metadata buffer (dev = %s, blocknr = %llu). "
"There's a risk of filesystem corruption in case of system "
"crash.\n",
bdevname(bh->b_bdev, b), (unsigned long long)bh->b_blocknr);
}
/* Call t_frozen trigger and copy buffer data into jh->b_frozen_data. */
static void jbd2_freeze_jh_data(struct journal_head *jh)
{
struct page *page;
int offset;
char *source;
struct buffer_head *bh = jh2bh(jh);
J_EXPECT_JH(jh, buffer_uptodate(bh), "Possible IO failure.\n");
page = bh->b_page;
offset = offset_in_page(bh->b_data);
source = kmap_atomic(page);
/* Fire data frozen trigger just before we copy the data */
jbd2_buffer_frozen_trigger(jh, source + offset, jh->b_triggers);
memcpy(jh->b_frozen_data, source + offset, bh->b_size);
kunmap_atomic(source);
/*
* Now that the frozen data is saved off, we need to store any matching
* triggers.
*/
jh->b_frozen_triggers = jh->b_triggers;
}
/*
* If the buffer is already part of the current transaction, then there
* is nothing we need to do. If it is already part of a prior
* transaction which we are still committing to disk, then we need to
* make sure that we do not overwrite the old copy: we do copy-out to
* preserve the copy going to disk. We also account the buffer against
* the handle's metadata buffer credits (unless the buffer is already
* part of the transaction, that is).
*
*/
static int
do_get_write_access(handle_t *handle, struct journal_head *jh,
int force_copy)
{
struct buffer_head *bh;
transaction_t *transaction = handle->h_transaction;
journal_t *journal;
int error;
char *frozen_buffer = NULL;
unsigned long start_lock, time_lock;
if (is_handle_aborted(handle))
return -EROFS;
journal = transaction->t_journal;
jbd_debug(5, "journal_head %p, force_copy %d\n", jh, force_copy);
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "entry");
repeat:
bh = jh2bh(jh);
/* @@@ Need to check for errors here at some point. */
start_lock = jiffies;
lock_buffer(bh);
jbd_lock_bh_state(bh);
/* If it takes too long to lock the buffer, trace it */
time_lock = jbd2_time_diff(start_lock, jiffies);
if (time_lock > HZ/10)
trace_jbd2_lock_buffer_stall(bh->b_bdev->bd_dev,
jiffies_to_msecs(time_lock));
/* We now hold the buffer lock so it is safe to query the buffer
* state. Is the buffer dirty?
*
* If so, there are two possibilities. The buffer may be
* non-journaled, and undergoing a quite legitimate writeback.
* Otherwise, it is journaled, and we don't expect dirty buffers
* in that state (the buffers should be marked JBD_Dirty
* instead.) So either the IO is being done under our own
* control and this is a bug, or it's a third party IO such as
* dump(8) (which may leave the buffer scheduled for read ---
* ie. locked but not dirty) or tune2fs (which may actually have
* the buffer dirtied, ugh.) */
if (buffer_dirty(bh)) {
/*
* First question: is this buffer already part of the current
* transaction or the existing committing transaction?
*/
if (jh->b_transaction) {
J_ASSERT_JH(jh,
jh->b_transaction == transaction ||
jh->b_transaction ==
journal->j_committing_transaction);
if (jh->b_next_transaction)
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_next_transaction ==
transaction);
warn_dirty_buffer(bh);
}
/*
* In any case we need to clean the dirty flag and we must
* do it under the buffer lock to be sure we don't race
* with running write-out.
*/
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "Journalling dirty buffer");
clear_buffer_dirty(bh);
set_buffer_jbddirty(bh);
}
unlock_buffer(bh);
error = -EROFS;
if (is_handle_aborted(handle)) {
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
goto out;
}
error = 0;
/*
* The buffer is already part of this transaction if b_transaction or
* b_next_transaction points to it
*/
if (jh->b_transaction == transaction ||
jh->b_next_transaction == transaction)
goto done;
/*
* this is the first time this transaction is touching this buffer,
* reset the modified flag
*/
jh->b_modified = 0;
/*
* If the buffer is not journaled right now, we need to make sure it
* doesn't get written to disk before the caller actually commits the
* new data
*/
if (!jh->b_transaction) {
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "no transaction");
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, !jh->b_next_transaction);
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "file as BJ_Reserved");
/*
* Make sure all stores to jh (b_modified, b_frozen_data) are
* visible before attaching it to the running transaction.
* Paired with barrier in jbd2_write_access_granted()
*/
smp_wmb();
spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
__jbd2_journal_file_buffer(jh, transaction, BJ_Reserved);
spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
goto done;
}
/*
* If there is already a copy-out version of this buffer, then we don't
* need to make another one
*/
if (jh->b_frozen_data) {
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "has frozen data");
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_next_transaction == NULL);
goto attach_next;
}
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "owned by older transaction");
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_next_transaction == NULL);
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_transaction == journal->j_committing_transaction);
/*
* There is one case we have to be very careful about. If the
* committing transaction is currently writing this buffer out to disk
* and has NOT made a copy-out, then we cannot modify the buffer
* contents at all right now. The essence of copy-out is that it is
* the extra copy, not the primary copy, which gets journaled. If the
* primary copy is already going to disk then we cannot do copy-out
* here.
*/
if (buffer_shadow(bh)) {
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "on shadow: sleep");
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
wait_on_bit_io(&bh->b_state, BH_Shadow, TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
goto repeat;
}
/*
* Only do the copy if the currently-owning transaction still needs it.
* If buffer isn't on BJ_Metadata list, the committing transaction is
* past that stage (here we use the fact that BH_Shadow is set under
* bh_state lock together with refiling to BJ_Shadow list and at this
* point we know the buffer doesn't have BH_Shadow set).
*
* Subtle point, though: if this is a get_undo_access, then we will be
* relying on the frozen_data to contain the new value of the
* committed_data record after the transaction, so we HAVE to force the
* frozen_data copy in that case.
*/
if (jh->b_jlist == BJ_Metadata || force_copy) {
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "generate frozen data");
if (!frozen_buffer) {
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "allocate memory for buffer");
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
frozen_buffer = jbd2_alloc(jh2bh(jh)->b_size, GFP_NOFS);
if (!frozen_buffer) {
printk(KERN_ERR "%s: OOM for frozen_buffer\n",
__func__);
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "oom!");
error = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
goto repeat;
}
jh->b_frozen_data = frozen_buffer;
frozen_buffer = NULL;
jbd2_freeze_jh_data(jh);
}
attach_next:
/*
* Make sure all stores to jh (b_modified, b_frozen_data) are visible
* before attaching it to the running transaction. Paired with barrier
* in jbd2_write_access_granted()
*/
smp_wmb();
jh->b_next_transaction = transaction;
done:
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
/*
* If we are about to journal a buffer, then any revoke pending on it is
* no longer valid
*/
jbd2_journal_cancel_revoke(handle, jh);
out:
if (unlikely(frozen_buffer)) /* It's usually NULL */
jbd2_free(frozen_buffer, bh->b_size);
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "exit");
return error;
}
/* Fast check whether buffer is already attached to the required transaction */
static bool jbd2_write_access_granted(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh,
bool undo)
{
struct journal_head *jh;
bool ret = false;
/* Dirty buffers require special handling... */
if (buffer_dirty(bh))
return false;
/*
* RCU protects us from dereferencing freed pages. So the checks we do
* are guaranteed not to oops. However the jh slab object can get freed
* & reallocated while we work with it. So we have to be careful. When
* we see jh attached to the running transaction, we know it must stay
* so until the transaction is committed. Thus jh won't be freed and
* will be attached to the same bh while we run. However it can
* happen jh gets freed, reallocated, and attached to the transaction
* just after we get pointer to it from bh. So we have to be careful
* and recheck jh still belongs to our bh before we return success.
*/
rcu_read_lock();
if (!buffer_jbd(bh))
goto out;
/* This should be bh2jh() but that doesn't work with inline functions */
jh = READ_ONCE(bh->b_private);
if (!jh)
goto out;
/* For undo access buffer must have data copied */
if (undo && !jh->b_committed_data)
goto out;
if (jh->b_transaction != handle->h_transaction &&
jh->b_next_transaction != handle->h_transaction)
goto out;
/*
* There are two reasons for the barrier here:
* 1) Make sure to fetch b_bh after we did previous checks so that we
* detect when jh went through free, realloc, attach to transaction
* while we were checking. Paired with implicit barrier in that path.
* 2) So that access to bh done after jbd2_write_access_granted()
* doesn't get reordered and see inconsistent state of concurrent
* do_get_write_access().
*/
smp_mb();
if (unlikely(jh->b_bh != bh))
goto out;
ret = true;
out:
rcu_read_unlock();
return ret;
}
/**
* int jbd2_journal_get_write_access() - notify intent to modify a buffer for metadata (not data) update.
* @handle: transaction to add buffer modifications to
* @bh: bh to be used for metadata writes
*
* Returns an error code or 0 on success.
*
* In full data journalling mode the buffer may be of type BJ_AsyncData,
* because we're write()ing a buffer which is also part of a shared mapping.
*/
int jbd2_journal_get_write_access(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)
{
struct journal_head *jh;
int rc;
if (jbd2_write_access_granted(handle, bh, false))
return 0;
jh = jbd2_journal_add_journal_head(bh);
/* We do not want to get caught playing with fields which the
* log thread also manipulates. Make sure that the buffer
* completes any outstanding IO before proceeding. */
rc = do_get_write_access(handle, jh, 0);
jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(jh);
return rc;
}
/*
* When the user wants to journal a newly created buffer_head
* (ie. getblk() returned a new buffer and we are going to populate it
* manually rather than reading off disk), then we need to keep the
* buffer_head locked until it has been completely filled with new
* data. In this case, we should be able to make the assertion that
* the bh is not already part of an existing transaction.
*
* The buffer should already be locked by the caller by this point.
* There is no lock ranking violation: it was a newly created,
* unlocked buffer beforehand. */
/**
* int jbd2_journal_get_create_access () - notify intent to use newly created bh
* @handle: transaction to new buffer to
* @bh: new buffer.
*
* Call this if you create a new bh.
*/
int jbd2_journal_get_create_access(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)
{
transaction_t *transaction = handle->h_transaction;
journal_t *journal;
struct journal_head *jh = jbd2_journal_add_journal_head(bh);
int err;
jbd_debug(5, "journal_head %p\n", jh);
err = -EROFS;
if (is_handle_aborted(handle))
goto out;
journal = transaction->t_journal;
err = 0;
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "entry");
/*
* The buffer may already belong to this transaction due to pre-zeroing
* in the filesystem's new_block code. It may also be on the previous,
* committing transaction's lists, but it HAS to be in Forget state in
* that case: the transaction must have deleted the buffer for it to be
* reused here.
*/
jbd_lock_bh_state(bh);
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, (jh->b_transaction == transaction ||
jh->b_transaction == NULL ||
(jh->b_transaction == journal->j_committing_transaction &&
jh->b_jlist == BJ_Forget)));
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_next_transaction == NULL);
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, buffer_locked(jh2bh(jh)));
if (jh->b_transaction == NULL) {
/*
* Previous jbd2_journal_forget() could have left the buffer
* with jbddirty bit set because it was being committed. When
* the commit finished, we've filed the buffer for
* checkpointing and marked it dirty. Now we are reallocating
* the buffer so the transaction freeing it must have
* committed and so it's safe to clear the dirty bit.
*/
clear_buffer_dirty(jh2bh(jh));
/* first access by this transaction */
jh->b_modified = 0;
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "file as BJ_Reserved");
spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
__jbd2_journal_file_buffer(jh, transaction, BJ_Reserved);
} else if (jh->b_transaction == journal->j_committing_transaction) {
/* first access by this transaction */
jh->b_modified = 0;
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "set next transaction");
spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
jh->b_next_transaction = transaction;
}
spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
/*
* akpm: I added this. ext3_alloc_branch can pick up new indirect
* blocks which contain freed but then revoked metadata. We need
* to cancel the revoke in case we end up freeing it yet again
* and the reallocating as data - this would cause a second revoke,
* which hits an assertion error.
*/
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "cancelling revoke");
jbd2_journal_cancel_revoke(handle, jh);
out:
jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(jh);
return err;
}
/**
* int jbd2_journal_get_undo_access() - Notify intent to modify metadata with
* non-rewindable consequences
* @handle: transaction
* @bh: buffer to undo
*
* Sometimes there is a need to distinguish between metadata which has
* been committed to disk and that which has not. The ext3fs code uses
* this for freeing and allocating space, we have to make sure that we
* do not reuse freed space until the deallocation has been committed,
* since if we overwrote that space we would make the delete
* un-rewindable in case of a crash.
*
* To deal with that, jbd2_journal_get_undo_access requests write access to a
* buffer for parts of non-rewindable operations such as delete
* operations on the bitmaps. The journaling code must keep a copy of
* the buffer's contents prior to the undo_access call until such time
* as we know that the buffer has definitely been committed to disk.
*
* We never need to know which transaction the committed data is part
* of, buffers touched here are guaranteed to be dirtied later and so
* will be committed to a new transaction in due course, at which point
* we can discard the old committed data pointer.
*
* Returns error number or 0 on success.
*/
int jbd2_journal_get_undo_access(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)
{
int err;
struct journal_head *jh;
char *committed_data = NULL;
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "entry");
if (jbd2_write_access_granted(handle, bh, true))
return 0;
jh = jbd2_journal_add_journal_head(bh);
/*
* Do this first --- it can drop the journal lock, so we want to
* make sure that obtaining the committed_data is done
* atomically wrt. completion of any outstanding commits.
*/
err = do_get_write_access(handle, jh, 1);
if (err)
goto out;
repeat:
if (!jh->b_committed_data) {
committed_data = jbd2_alloc(jh2bh(jh)->b_size, GFP_NOFS);
if (!committed_data) {
printk(KERN_ERR "%s: No memory for committed data\n",
__func__);
err = -ENOMEM;
goto out;
}
}
jbd_lock_bh_state(bh);
if (!jh->b_committed_data) {
/* Copy out the current buffer contents into the
* preserved, committed copy. */
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "generate b_committed data");
if (!committed_data) {
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
goto repeat;
}
jh->b_committed_data = committed_data;
committed_data = NULL;
memcpy(jh->b_committed_data, bh->b_data, bh->b_size);
}
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
out:
jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(jh);
if (unlikely(committed_data))
jbd2_free(committed_data, bh->b_size);
return err;
}
/**
* void jbd2_journal_set_triggers() - Add triggers for commit writeout
* @bh: buffer to trigger on
* @type: struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type containing the trigger(s).
*
* Set any triggers on this journal_head. This is always safe, because
* triggers for a committing buffer will be saved off, and triggers for
* a running transaction will match the buffer in that transaction.
*
* Call with NULL to clear the triggers.
*/
void jbd2_journal_set_triggers(struct buffer_head *bh,
struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *type)
{
struct journal_head *jh = jbd2_journal_grab_journal_head(bh);
if (WARN_ON(!jh))
return;
jh->b_triggers = type;
jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(jh);
}
void jbd2_buffer_frozen_trigger(struct journal_head *jh, void *mapped_data,
struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *triggers)
{
struct buffer_head *bh = jh2bh(jh);
if (!triggers || !triggers->t_frozen)
return;
triggers->t_frozen(triggers, bh, mapped_data, bh->b_size);
}
void jbd2_buffer_abort_trigger(struct journal_head *jh,
struct jbd2_buffer_trigger_type *triggers)
{
if (!triggers || !triggers->t_abort)
return;
triggers->t_abort(triggers, jh2bh(jh));
}
/**
* int jbd2_journal_dirty_metadata() - mark a buffer as containing dirty metadata
* @handle: transaction to add buffer to.
* @bh: buffer to mark
*
* mark dirty metadata which needs to be journaled as part of the current
* transaction.
*
* The buffer must have previously had jbd2_journal_get_write_access()
* called so that it has a valid journal_head attached to the buffer
* head.
*
* The buffer is placed on the transaction's metadata list and is marked
* as belonging to the transaction.
*
* Returns error number or 0 on success.
*
* Special care needs to be taken if the buffer already belongs to the
* current committing transaction (in which case we should have frozen
* data present for that commit). In that case, we don't relink the
* buffer: that only gets done when the old transaction finally
* completes its commit.
*/
int jbd2_journal_dirty_metadata(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)
{
transaction_t *transaction = handle->h_transaction;
journal_t *journal;
struct journal_head *jh;
int ret = 0;
if (is_handle_aborted(handle))
return -EROFS;
if (!buffer_jbd(bh)) {
ret = -EUCLEAN;
goto out;
}
/*
* We don't grab jh reference here since the buffer must be part
* of the running transaction.
*/
jh = bh2jh(bh);
/*
* This and the following assertions are unreliable since we may see jh
* in inconsistent state unless we grab bh_state lock. But this is
* crucial to catch bugs so let's do a reliable check until the
* lockless handling is fully proven.
*/
if (jh->b_transaction != transaction &&
jh->b_next_transaction != transaction) {
jbd_lock_bh_state(bh);
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_transaction == transaction ||
jh->b_next_transaction == transaction);
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
}
if (jh->b_modified == 1) {
/* If it's in our transaction it must be in BJ_Metadata list. */
if (jh->b_transaction == transaction &&
jh->b_jlist != BJ_Metadata) {
jbd_lock_bh_state(bh);
if (jh->b_transaction == transaction &&
jh->b_jlist != BJ_Metadata)
pr_err("JBD2: assertion failure: h_type=%u "
"h_line_no=%u block_no=%llu jlist=%u\n",
handle->h_type, handle->h_line_no,
(unsigned long long) bh->b_blocknr,
jh->b_jlist);
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_transaction != transaction ||
jh->b_jlist == BJ_Metadata);
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
}
goto out;
}
journal = transaction->t_journal;
jbd_debug(5, "journal_head %p\n", jh);
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "entry");
jbd_lock_bh_state(bh);
if (jh->b_modified == 0) {
/*
* This buffer's got modified and becoming part
* of the transaction. This needs to be done
* once a transaction -bzzz
*/
if (handle->h_buffer_credits <= 0) {
ret = -ENOSPC;
goto out_unlock_bh;
}
jh->b_modified = 1;
handle->h_buffer_credits--;
}
/*
* fastpath, to avoid expensive locking. If this buffer is already
* on the running transaction's metadata list there is nothing to do.
* Nobody can take it off again because there is a handle open.
* I _think_ we're OK here with SMP barriers - a mistaken decision will
* result in this test being false, so we go in and take the locks.
*/
if (jh->b_transaction == transaction && jh->b_jlist == BJ_Metadata) {
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "fastpath");
if (unlikely(jh->b_transaction !=
journal->j_running_transaction)) {
printk(KERN_ERR "JBD2: %s: "
"jh->b_transaction (%llu, %p, %u) != "
"journal->j_running_transaction (%p, %u)\n",
journal->j_devname,
(unsigned long long) bh->b_blocknr,
jh->b_transaction,
jh->b_transaction ? jh->b_transaction->t_tid : 0,
journal->j_running_transaction,
journal->j_running_transaction ?
journal->j_running_transaction->t_tid : 0);
ret = -EINVAL;
}
goto out_unlock_bh;
}
set_buffer_jbddirty(bh);
/*
* Metadata already on the current transaction list doesn't
* need to be filed. Metadata on another transaction's list must
* be committing, and will be refiled once the commit completes:
* leave it alone for now.
*/
if (jh->b_transaction != transaction) {
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "already on other transaction");
if (unlikely(((jh->b_transaction !=
journal->j_committing_transaction)) ||
(jh->b_next_transaction != transaction))) {
printk(KERN_ERR "jbd2_journal_dirty_metadata: %s: "
"bad jh for block %llu: "
"transaction (%p, %u), "
"jh->b_transaction (%p, %u), "
"jh->b_next_transaction (%p, %u), jlist %u\n",
journal->j_devname,
(unsigned long long) bh->b_blocknr,
transaction, transaction->t_tid,
jh->b_transaction,
jh->b_transaction ?
jh->b_transaction->t_tid : 0,
jh->b_next_transaction,
jh->b_next_transaction ?
jh->b_next_transaction->t_tid : 0,
jh->b_jlist);
WARN_ON(1);
ret = -EINVAL;
}
/* And this case is illegal: we can't reuse another
* transaction's data buffer, ever. */
goto out_unlock_bh;
}
/* That test should have eliminated the following case: */
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_frozen_data == NULL);
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "file as BJ_Metadata");
spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
__jbd2_journal_file_buffer(jh, transaction, BJ_Metadata);
spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
out_unlock_bh:
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
out:
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "exit");
return ret;
}
/**
* void jbd2_journal_forget() - bforget() for potentially-journaled buffers.
* @handle: transaction handle
* @bh: bh to 'forget'
*
* We can only do the bforget if there are no commits pending against the
* buffer. If the buffer is dirty in the current running transaction we
* can safely unlink it.
*
* bh may not be a journalled buffer at all - it may be a non-JBD
* buffer which came off the hashtable. Check for this.
*
* Decrements bh->b_count by one.
*
* Allow this call even if the handle has aborted --- it may be part of
* the caller's cleanup after an abort.
*/
int jbd2_journal_forget (handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)
{
transaction_t *transaction = handle->h_transaction;
journal_t *journal;
struct journal_head *jh;
int drop_reserve = 0;
int err = 0;
int was_modified = 0;
if (is_handle_aborted(handle))
return -EROFS;
journal = transaction->t_journal;
BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "entry");
jbd_lock_bh_state(bh);
if (!buffer_jbd(bh))
goto not_jbd;
jh = bh2jh(bh);
/* Critical error: attempting to delete a bitmap buffer, maybe?
* Don't do any jbd operations, and return an error. */
if (!J_EXPECT_JH(jh, !jh->b_committed_data,
"inconsistent data on disk")) {
err = -EIO;
goto not_jbd;
}
/* keep track of whether or not this transaction modified us */
was_modified = jh->b_modified;
/*
* The buffer's going from the transaction, we must drop
* all references -bzzz
*/
jh->b_modified = 0;
if (jh->b_transaction == transaction) {
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, !jh->b_frozen_data);
/* If we are forgetting a buffer which is already part
* of this transaction, then we can just drop it from
* the transaction immediately. */
clear_buffer_dirty(bh);
clear_buffer_jbddirty(bh);
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "belongs to current transaction: unfile");
/*
* we only want to drop a reference if this transaction
* modified the buffer
*/
if (was_modified)
drop_reserve = 1;
/*
* We are no longer going to journal this buffer.
* However, the commit of this transaction is still
* important to the buffer: the delete that we are now
* processing might obsolete an old log entry, so by
* committing, we can satisfy the buffer's checkpoint.
*
* So, if we have a checkpoint on the buffer, we should
* now refile the buffer on our BJ_Forget list so that
* we know to remove the checkpoint after we commit.
*/
spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
if (jh->b_cp_transaction) {
__jbd2_journal_temp_unlink_buffer(jh);
__jbd2_journal_file_buffer(jh, transaction, BJ_Forget);
} else {
__jbd2_journal_unfile_buffer(jh);
if (!buffer_jbd(bh)) {
spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
__bforget(bh);
goto drop;
}
}
spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
} else if (jh->b_transaction) {
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, (jh->b_transaction ==
journal->j_committing_transaction));
/* However, if the buffer is still owned by a prior
* (committing) transaction, we can't drop it yet... */
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "belongs to older transaction");
/* ... but we CAN drop it from the new transaction if we
* have also modified it since the original commit. */
if (jh->b_next_transaction) {
J_ASSERT(jh->b_next_transaction == transaction);
spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
jh->b_next_transaction = NULL;
spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
/*
* only drop a reference if this transaction modified
* the buffer
*/
if (was_modified)
drop_reserve = 1;
}
}
not_jbd:
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
__brelse(bh);
drop:
if (drop_reserve) {
/* no need to reserve log space for this block -bzzz */
handle->h_buffer_credits++;
}
return err;
}
/**
* int jbd2_journal_stop() - complete a transaction
* @handle: tranaction to complete.
*
* All done for a particular handle.
*
* There is not much action needed here. We just return any remaining
* buffer credits to the transaction and remove the handle. The only
* complication is that we need to start a commit operation if the
* filesystem is marked for synchronous update.
*
* jbd2_journal_stop itself will not usually return an error, but it may
* do so in unusual circumstances. In particular, expect it to
* return -EIO if a jbd2_journal_abort has been executed since the
* transaction began.
*/
int jbd2_journal_stop(handle_t *handle)
{
transaction_t *transaction = handle->h_transaction;
journal_t *journal;
int err = 0, wait_for_commit = 0;
tid_t tid;
pid_t pid;
if (!transaction) {
/*
* Handle is already detached from the transaction so
* there is nothing to do other than decrease a refcount,
* or free the handle if refcount drops to zero
*/
if (--handle->h_ref > 0) {
jbd_debug(4, "h_ref %d -> %d\n", handle->h_ref + 1,
handle->h_ref);
return err;
} else {
if (handle->h_rsv_handle)
jbd2_free_handle(handle->h_rsv_handle);
goto free_and_exit;
}
}
journal = transaction->t_journal;
J_ASSERT(journal_current_handle() == handle);
if (is_handle_aborted(handle))
err = -EIO;
else
J_ASSERT(atomic_read(&transaction->t_updates) > 0);
if (--handle->h_ref > 0) {
jbd_debug(4, "h_ref %d -> %d\n", handle->h_ref + 1,
handle->h_ref);
return err;
}
jbd_debug(4, "Handle %p going down\n", handle);
trace_jbd2_handle_stats(journal->j_fs_dev->bd_dev,
transaction->t_tid,
handle->h_type, handle->h_line_no,
jiffies - handle->h_start_jiffies,
handle->h_sync, handle->h_requested_credits,
(handle->h_requested_credits -
handle->h_buffer_credits));
/*
* Implement synchronous transaction batching. If the handle
* was synchronous, don't force a commit immediately. Let's
* yield and let another thread piggyback onto this
* transaction. Keep doing that while new threads continue to
* arrive. It doesn't cost much - we're about to run a commit
* and sleep on IO anyway. Speeds up many-threaded, many-dir
* operations by 30x or more...
*
* We try and optimize the sleep time against what the
* underlying disk can do, instead of having a static sleep
* time. This is useful for the case where our storage is so
* fast that it is more optimal to go ahead and force a flush
* and wait for the transaction to be committed than it is to
* wait for an arbitrary amount of time for new writers to
* join the transaction. We achieve this by measuring how
* long it takes to commit a transaction, and compare it with
* how long this transaction has been running, and if run time
* < commit time then we sleep for the delta and commit. This
* greatly helps super fast disks that would see slowdowns as
* more threads started doing fsyncs.
*
* But don't do this if this process was the most recent one
* to perform a synchronous write. We do this to detect the
* case where a single process is doing a stream of sync
* writes. No point in waiting for joiners in that case.
*
* Setting max_batch_time to 0 disables this completely.
*/
pid = current->pid;
if (handle->h_sync && journal->j_last_sync_writer != pid &&
journal->j_max_batch_time) {
u64 commit_time, trans_time;
journal->j_last_sync_writer = pid;
read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock);
commit_time = journal->j_average_commit_time;
read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
trans_time = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(ktime_get(),
transaction->t_start_time));
commit_time = max_t(u64, commit_time,
1000*journal->j_min_batch_time);
commit_time = min_t(u64, commit_time,
1000*journal->j_max_batch_time);
if (trans_time < commit_time) {
ktime_t expires = ktime_add_ns(ktime_get(),
commit_time);
set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
schedule_hrtimeout(&expires, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
}
}
if (handle->h_sync)
transaction->t_synchronous_commit = 1;
current->journal_info = NULL;
atomic_sub(handle->h_buffer_credits,
&transaction->t_outstanding_credits);
/*
* If the handle is marked SYNC, we need to set another commit
* going! We also want to force a commit if the current
* transaction is occupying too much of the log, or if the
* transaction is too old now.
*/
if (handle->h_sync ||
(atomic_read(&transaction->t_outstanding_credits) >
journal->j_max_transaction_buffers) ||
time_after_eq(jiffies, transaction->t_expires)) {
/* Do this even for aborted journals: an abort still
* completes the commit thread, it just doesn't write
* anything to disk. */
jbd_debug(2, "transaction too old, requesting commit for "
"handle %p\n", handle);
/* This is non-blocking */
jbd2_log_start_commit(journal, transaction->t_tid);
/*
* Special case: JBD2_SYNC synchronous updates require us
* to wait for the commit to complete.
*/
if (handle->h_sync && !(current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC))
wait_for_commit = 1;
}
/*
* Once we drop t_updates, if it goes to zero the transaction
* could start committing on us and eventually disappear. So
* once we do this, we must not dereference transaction
* pointer again.
*/
tid = transaction->t_tid;
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&transaction->t_updates)) {
wake_up(&journal->j_wait_updates);
if (journal->j_barrier_count)
wake_up(&journal->j_wait_transaction_locked);
}
if (wait_for_commit)
err = jbd2_log_wait_commit(journal, tid);
lock_map_release(&handle->h_lockdep_map);
if (handle->h_rsv_handle)
jbd2_journal_free_reserved(handle->h_rsv_handle);
free_and_exit:
jbd2_free_handle(handle);
return err;
}
/*
*
* List management code snippets: various functions for manipulating the
* transaction buffer lists.
*
*/
/*
* Append a buffer to a transaction list, given the transaction's list head
* pointer.
*
* j_list_lock is held.
*
* jbd_lock_bh_state(jh2bh(jh)) is held.
*/
static inline void
__blist_add_buffer(struct journal_head **list, struct journal_head *jh)
{
if (!*list) {
jh->b_tnext = jh->b_tprev = jh;
*list = jh;
} else {
/* Insert at the tail of the list to preserve order */
struct journal_head *first = *list, *last = first->b_tprev;
jh->b_tprev = last;
jh->b_tnext = first;
last->b_tnext = first->b_tprev = jh;
}
}
/*
* Remove a buffer from a transaction list, given the transaction's list
* head pointer.
*
* Called with j_list_lock held, and the journal may not be locked.
*
* jbd_lock_bh_state(jh2bh(jh)) is held.
*/
static inline void
__blist_del_buffer(struct journal_head **list, struct journal_head *jh)
{
if (*list == jh) {
*list = jh->b_tnext;
if (*list == jh)
*list = NULL;
}
jh->b_tprev->b_tnext = jh->b_tnext;
jh->b_tnext->b_tprev = jh->b_tprev;
}
/*
* Remove a buffer from the appropriate transaction list.
*
* Note that this function can *change* the value of
* bh->b_transaction->t_buffers, t_forget, t_shadow_list, t_log_list or
* t_reserved_list. If the caller is holding onto a copy of one of these
* pointers, it could go bad. Generally the caller needs to re-read the
* pointer from the transaction_t.
*
* Called under j_list_lock.
*/
static void __jbd2_journal_temp_unlink_buffer(struct journal_head *jh)
{
struct journal_head **list = NULL;
transaction_t *transaction;
struct buffer_head *bh = jh2bh(jh);
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jbd_is_locked_bh_state(bh));
transaction = jh->b_transaction;
if (transaction)
assert_spin_locked(&transaction->t_journal->j_list_lock);
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_jlist < BJ_Types);
if (jh->b_jlist != BJ_None)
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, transaction != NULL);
switch (jh->b_jlist) {
case BJ_None:
return;
case BJ_Metadata:
transaction->t_nr_buffers--;
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, transaction->t_nr_buffers >= 0);
list = &transaction->t_buffers;
break;
case BJ_Forget:
list = &transaction->t_forget;
break;
case BJ_Shadow:
list = &transaction->t_shadow_list;
break;
case BJ_Reserved:
list = &transaction->t_reserved_list;
break;
}
__blist_del_buffer(list, jh);
jh->b_jlist = BJ_None;
if (test_clear_buffer_jbddirty(bh))
mark_buffer_dirty(bh); /* Expose it to the VM */
}
/*
* Remove buffer from all transactions.
*
* Called with bh_state lock and j_list_lock
*
* jh and bh may be already freed when this function returns.
*/
static void __jbd2_journal_unfile_buffer(struct journal_head *jh)
{
__jbd2_journal_temp_unlink_buffer(jh);
jh->b_transaction = NULL;
jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(jh);
}
void jbd2_journal_unfile_buffer(journal_t *journal, struct journal_head *jh)
{
struct buffer_head *bh = jh2bh(jh);
/* Get reference so that buffer cannot be freed before we unlock it */
get_bh(bh);
jbd_lock_bh_state(bh);
spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
__jbd2_journal_unfile_buffer(jh);
spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
__brelse(bh);
}
/*
* Called from jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers().
*
* Called under jbd_lock_bh_state(bh)
*/
static void
__journal_try_to_free_buffer(journal_t *journal, struct buffer_head *bh)
{
struct journal_head *jh;
jh = bh2jh(bh);
if (buffer_locked(bh) || buffer_dirty(bh))
goto out;
if (jh->b_next_transaction != NULL || jh->b_transaction != NULL)
goto out;
spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
if (jh->b_cp_transaction != NULL) {
/* written-back checkpointed metadata buffer */
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "remove from checkpoint list");
__jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint(jh);
}
spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
out:
return;
}
/**
* int jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers() - try to free page buffers.
* @journal: journal for operation
* @page: to try and free
* @gfp_mask: we use the mask to detect how hard should we try to release
* buffers. If __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM and __GFP_FS is set, we wait for commit
* code to release the buffers.
*
*
* For all the buffers on this page,
* if they are fully written out ordered data, move them onto BUF_CLEAN
* so try_to_free_buffers() can reap them.
*
* This function returns non-zero if we wish try_to_free_buffers()
* to be called. We do this if the page is releasable by try_to_free_buffers().
* We also do it if the page has locked or dirty buffers and the caller wants
* us to perform sync or async writeout.
*
* This complicates JBD locking somewhat. We aren't protected by the
* BKL here. We wish to remove the buffer from its committing or
* running transaction's ->t_datalist via __jbd2_journal_unfile_buffer.
*
* This may *change* the value of transaction_t->t_datalist, so anyone
* who looks at t_datalist needs to lock against this function.
*
* Even worse, someone may be doing a jbd2_journal_dirty_data on this
* buffer. So we need to lock against that. jbd2_journal_dirty_data()
* will come out of the lock with the buffer dirty, which makes it
* ineligible for release here.
*
* Who else is affected by this? hmm... Really the only contender
* is do_get_write_access() - it could be looking at the buffer while
* journal_try_to_free_buffer() is changing its state. But that
* cannot happen because we never reallocate freed data as metadata
* while the data is part of a transaction. Yes?
*
* Return 0 on failure, 1 on success
*/
int jbd2_journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal_t *journal,
struct page *page, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
struct buffer_head *head;
struct buffer_head *bh;
int ret = 0;
J_ASSERT(PageLocked(page));
head = page_buffers(page);
bh = head;
do {
struct journal_head *jh;
/*
* We take our own ref against the journal_head here to avoid
* having to add tons of locking around each instance of
* jbd2_journal_put_journal_head().
*/
jh = jbd2_journal_grab_journal_head(bh);
if (!jh)
continue;
jbd_lock_bh_state(bh);
__journal_try_to_free_buffer(journal, bh);
jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(jh);
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
if (buffer_jbd(bh))
goto busy;
} while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head);
ret = try_to_free_buffers(page);
busy:
return ret;
}
/*
* This buffer is no longer needed. If it is on an older transaction's
* checkpoint list we need to record it on this transaction's forget list
* to pin this buffer (and hence its checkpointing transaction) down until
* this transaction commits. If the buffer isn't on a checkpoint list, we
* release it.
* Returns non-zero if JBD no longer has an interest in the buffer.
*
* Called under j_list_lock.
*
* Called under jbd_lock_bh_state(bh).
*/
static int __dispose_buffer(struct journal_head *jh, transaction_t *transaction)
{
int may_free = 1;
struct buffer_head *bh = jh2bh(jh);
if (jh->b_cp_transaction) {
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "on running+cp transaction");
__jbd2_journal_temp_unlink_buffer(jh);
/*
* We don't want to write the buffer anymore, clear the
* bit so that we don't confuse checks in
* __journal_file_buffer
*/
clear_buffer_dirty(bh);
__jbd2_journal_file_buffer(jh, transaction, BJ_Forget);
may_free = 0;
} else {
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "on running transaction");
__jbd2_journal_unfile_buffer(jh);
}
return may_free;
}
/*
* jbd2_journal_invalidatepage
*
* This code is tricky. It has a number of cases to deal with.
*
* There are two invariants which this code relies on:
*
* i_size must be updated on disk before we start calling invalidatepage on the
* data.
*
* This is done in ext3 by defining an ext3_setattr method which
* updates i_size before truncate gets going. By maintaining this
* invariant, we can be sure that it is safe to throw away any buffers
* attached to the current transaction: once the transaction commits,
* we know that the data will not be needed.
*
* Note however that we can *not* throw away data belonging to the
* previous, committing transaction!
*
* Any disk blocks which *are* part of the previous, committing
* transaction (and which therefore cannot be discarded immediately) are
* not going to be reused in the new running transaction
*
* The bitmap committed_data images guarantee this: any block which is
* allocated in one transaction and removed in the next will be marked
* as in-use in the committed_data bitmap, so cannot be reused until
* the next transaction to delete the block commits. This means that
* leaving committing buffers dirty is quite safe: the disk blocks
* cannot be reallocated to a different file and so buffer aliasing is
* not possible.
*
*
* The above applies mainly to ordered data mode. In writeback mode we
* don't make guarantees about the order in which data hits disk --- in
* particular we don't guarantee that new dirty data is flushed before
* transaction commit --- so it is always safe just to discard data
* immediately in that mode. --sct
*/
/*
* The journal_unmap_buffer helper function returns zero if the buffer
* concerned remains pinned as an anonymous buffer belonging to an older
* transaction.
*
* We're outside-transaction here. Either or both of j_running_transaction
* and j_committing_transaction may be NULL.
*/
static int journal_unmap_buffer(journal_t *journal, struct buffer_head *bh,
int partial_page)
{
transaction_t *transaction;
struct journal_head *jh;
int may_free = 1;
BUFFER_TRACE(bh, "entry");
/*
* It is safe to proceed here without the j_list_lock because the
* buffers cannot be stolen by try_to_free_buffers as long as we are
* holding the page lock. --sct
*/
if (!buffer_jbd(bh))
goto zap_buffer_unlocked;
/* OK, we have data buffer in journaled mode */
write_lock(&journal->j_state_lock);
jbd_lock_bh_state(bh);
spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
jh = jbd2_journal_grab_journal_head(bh);
if (!jh)
goto zap_buffer_no_jh;
/*
* We cannot remove the buffer from checkpoint lists until the
* transaction adding inode to orphan list (let's call it T)
* is committed. Otherwise if the transaction changing the
* buffer would be cleaned from the journal before T is
* committed, a crash will cause that the correct contents of
* the buffer will be lost. On the other hand we have to
* clear the buffer dirty bit at latest at the moment when the
* transaction marking the buffer as freed in the filesystem
* structures is committed because from that moment on the
* block can be reallocated and used by a different page.
* Since the block hasn't been freed yet but the inode has
* already been added to orphan list, it is safe for us to add
* the buffer to BJ_Forget list of the newest transaction.
*
* Also we have to clear buffer_mapped flag of a truncated buffer
* because the buffer_head may be attached to the page straddling
* i_size (can happen only when blocksize < pagesize) and thus the
* buffer_head can be reused when the file is extended again. So we end
* up keeping around invalidated buffers attached to transactions'
* BJ_Forget list just to stop checkpointing code from cleaning up
* the transaction this buffer was modified in.
*/
transaction = jh->b_transaction;
if (transaction == NULL) {
/* First case: not on any transaction. If it
* has no checkpoint link, then we can zap it:
* it's a writeback-mode buffer so we don't care
* if it hits disk safely. */
if (!jh->b_cp_transaction) {
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "not on any transaction: zap");
goto zap_buffer;
}
if (!buffer_dirty(bh)) {
/* bdflush has written it. We can drop it now */
__jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint(jh);
goto zap_buffer;
}
/* OK, it must be in the journal but still not
* written fully to disk: it's metadata or
* journaled data... */
if (journal->j_running_transaction) {
/* ... and once the current transaction has
* committed, the buffer won't be needed any
* longer. */
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "checkpointed: add to BJ_Forget");
may_free = __dispose_buffer(jh,
journal->j_running_transaction);
goto zap_buffer;
} else {
/* There is no currently-running transaction. So the
* orphan record which we wrote for this file must have
* passed into commit. We must attach this buffer to
* the committing transaction, if it exists. */
if (journal->j_committing_transaction) {
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "give to committing trans");
may_free = __dispose_buffer(jh,
journal->j_committing_transaction);
goto zap_buffer;
} else {
/* The orphan record's transaction has
* committed. We can cleanse this buffer */
clear_buffer_jbddirty(bh);
__jbd2_journal_remove_checkpoint(jh);
goto zap_buffer;
}
}
} else if (transaction == journal->j_committing_transaction) {
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "on committing transaction");
/*
* The buffer is committing, we simply cannot touch
* it. If the page is straddling i_size we have to wait
* for commit and try again.
*/
if (partial_page) {
jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(jh);
spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
return -EBUSY;
}
/*
* OK, buffer won't be reachable after truncate. We just set
* j_next_transaction to the running transaction (if there is
* one) and mark buffer as freed so that commit code knows it
* should clear dirty bits when it is done with the buffer.
*/
set_buffer_freed(bh);
if (journal->j_running_transaction && buffer_jbddirty(bh))
jh->b_next_transaction = journal->j_running_transaction;
jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(jh);
spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
return 0;
} else {
/* Good, the buffer belongs to the running transaction.
* We are writing our own transaction's data, not any
* previous one's, so it is safe to throw it away
* (remember that we expect the filesystem to have set
* i_size already for this truncate so recovery will not
* expose the disk blocks we are discarding here.) */
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, transaction == journal->j_running_transaction);
JBUFFER_TRACE(jh, "on running transaction");
may_free = __dispose_buffer(jh, transaction);
}
zap_buffer:
/*
* This is tricky. Although the buffer is truncated, it may be reused
* if blocksize < pagesize and it is attached to the page straddling
* EOF. Since the buffer might have been added to BJ_Forget list of the
* running transaction, journal_get_write_access() won't clear
* b_modified and credit accounting gets confused. So clear b_modified
* here.
*/
jh->b_modified = 0;
jbd2_journal_put_journal_head(jh);
zap_buffer_no_jh:
spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
write_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
zap_buffer_unlocked:
clear_buffer_dirty(bh);
J_ASSERT_BH(bh, !buffer_jbddirty(bh));
clear_buffer_mapped(bh);
clear_buffer_req(bh);
clear_buffer_new(bh);
clear_buffer_delay(bh);
clear_buffer_unwritten(bh);
bh->b_bdev = NULL;
return may_free;
}
/**
* void jbd2_journal_invalidatepage()
* @journal: journal to use for flush...
* @page: page to flush
* @offset: start of the range to invalidate
* @length: length of the range to invalidate
*
* Reap page buffers containing data after in the specified range in page.
* Can return -EBUSY if buffers are part of the committing transaction and
* the page is straddling i_size. Caller then has to wait for current commit
* and try again.
*/
int jbd2_journal_invalidatepage(journal_t *journal,
struct page *page,
unsigned int offset,
unsigned int length)
{
struct buffer_head *head, *bh, *next;
unsigned int stop = offset + length;
unsigned int curr_off = 0;
int partial_page = (offset || length < PAGE_CACHE_SIZE);
int may_free = 1;
int ret = 0;
if (!PageLocked(page))
BUG();
if (!page_has_buffers(page))
return 0;
BUG_ON(stop > PAGE_CACHE_SIZE || stop < length);
/* We will potentially be playing with lists other than just the
* data lists (especially for journaled data mode), so be
* cautious in our locking. */
head = bh = page_buffers(page);
do {
unsigned int next_off = curr_off + bh->b_size;
next = bh->b_this_page;
if (next_off > stop)
return 0;
if (offset <= curr_off) {
/* This block is wholly outside the truncation point */
lock_buffer(bh);
ret = journal_unmap_buffer(journal, bh, partial_page);
unlock_buffer(bh);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
may_free &= ret;
}
curr_off = next_off;
bh = next;
} while (bh != head);
if (!partial_page) {
if (may_free && try_to_free_buffers(page))
J_ASSERT(!page_has_buffers(page));
}
return 0;
}
/*
* File a buffer on the given transaction list.
*/
void __jbd2_journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *jh,
transaction_t *transaction, int jlist)
{
struct journal_head **list = NULL;
int was_dirty = 0;
struct buffer_head *bh = jh2bh(jh);
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jbd_is_locked_bh_state(bh));
assert_spin_locked(&transaction->t_journal->j_list_lock);
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_jlist < BJ_Types);
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_transaction == transaction ||
jh->b_transaction == NULL);
if (jh->b_transaction && jh->b_jlist == jlist)
return;
if (jlist == BJ_Metadata || jlist == BJ_Reserved ||
jlist == BJ_Shadow || jlist == BJ_Forget) {
/*
* For metadata buffers, we track dirty bit in buffer_jbddirty
* instead of buffer_dirty. We should not see a dirty bit set
* here because we clear it in do_get_write_access but e.g.
* tune2fs can modify the sb and set the dirty bit at any time
* so we try to gracefully handle that.
*/
if (buffer_dirty(bh))
warn_dirty_buffer(bh);
if (test_clear_buffer_dirty(bh) ||
test_clear_buffer_jbddirty(bh))
was_dirty = 1;
}
if (jh->b_transaction)
__jbd2_journal_temp_unlink_buffer(jh);
else
jbd2_journal_grab_journal_head(bh);
jh->b_transaction = transaction;
switch (jlist) {
case BJ_None:
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, !jh->b_committed_data);
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, !jh->b_frozen_data);
return;
case BJ_Metadata:
transaction->t_nr_buffers++;
list = &transaction->t_buffers;
break;
case BJ_Forget:
list = &transaction->t_forget;
break;
case BJ_Shadow:
list = &transaction->t_shadow_list;
break;
case BJ_Reserved:
list = &transaction->t_reserved_list;
break;
}
__blist_add_buffer(list, jh);
jh->b_jlist = jlist;
if (was_dirty)
set_buffer_jbddirty(bh);
}
void jbd2_journal_file_buffer(struct journal_head *jh,
transaction_t *transaction, int jlist)
{
jbd_lock_bh_state(jh2bh(jh));
spin_lock(&transaction->t_journal->j_list_lock);
__jbd2_journal_file_buffer(jh, transaction, jlist);
spin_unlock(&transaction->t_journal->j_list_lock);
jbd_unlock_bh_state(jh2bh(jh));
}
/*
* Remove a buffer from its current buffer list in preparation for
* dropping it from its current transaction entirely. If the buffer has
* already started to be used by a subsequent transaction, refile the
* buffer on that transaction's metadata list.
*
* Called under j_list_lock
* Called under jbd_lock_bh_state(jh2bh(jh))
*
* jh and bh may be already free when this function returns
*/
void __jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(struct journal_head *jh)
{
int was_dirty, jlist;
struct buffer_head *bh = jh2bh(jh);
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jbd_is_locked_bh_state(bh));
if (jh->b_transaction)
assert_spin_locked(&jh->b_transaction->t_journal->j_list_lock);
/* If the buffer is now unused, just drop it. */
if (jh->b_next_transaction == NULL) {
__jbd2_journal_unfile_buffer(jh);
return;
}
/*
* It has been modified by a later transaction: add it to the new
* transaction's metadata list.
*/
was_dirty = test_clear_buffer_jbddirty(bh);
__jbd2_journal_temp_unlink_buffer(jh);
/*
* We set b_transaction here because b_next_transaction will inherit
* our jh reference and thus __jbd2_journal_file_buffer() must not
* take a new one.
*/
jh->b_transaction = jh->b_next_transaction;
jh->b_next_transaction = NULL;
if (buffer_freed(bh))
jlist = BJ_Forget;
else if (jh->b_modified)
jlist = BJ_Metadata;
else
jlist = BJ_Reserved;
__jbd2_journal_file_buffer(jh, jh->b_transaction, jlist);
J_ASSERT_JH(jh, jh->b_transaction->t_state == T_RUNNING);
if (was_dirty)
set_buffer_jbddirty(bh);
}
/*
* __jbd2_journal_refile_buffer() with necessary locking added. We take our
* bh reference so that we can safely unlock bh.
*
* The jh and bh may be freed by this call.
*/
void jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(journal_t *journal, struct journal_head *jh)
{
struct buffer_head *bh = jh2bh(jh);
/* Get reference so that buffer cannot be freed before we unlock it */
get_bh(bh);
jbd_lock_bh_state(bh);
spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
__jbd2_journal_refile_buffer(jh);
jbd_unlock_bh_state(bh);
spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
__brelse(bh);
}
/*
* File inode in the inode list of the handle's transaction
*/
int jbd2_journal_file_inode(handle_t *handle, struct jbd2_inode *jinode)
{
transaction_t *transaction = handle->h_transaction;
journal_t *journal;
if (is_handle_aborted(handle))
return -EROFS;
journal = transaction->t_journal;
jbd_debug(4, "Adding inode %lu, tid:%d\n", jinode->i_vfs_inode->i_ino,
transaction->t_tid);
/*
* First check whether inode isn't already on the transaction's
* lists without taking the lock. Note that this check is safe
* without the lock as we cannot race with somebody removing inode
* from the transaction. The reason is that we remove inode from the
* transaction only in journal_release_jbd_inode() and when we commit
* the transaction. We are guarded from the first case by holding
* a reference to the inode. We are safe against the second case
* because if jinode->i_transaction == transaction, commit code
* cannot touch the transaction because we hold reference to it,
* and if jinode->i_next_transaction == transaction, commit code
* will only file the inode where we want it.
*/
if (jinode->i_transaction == transaction ||
jinode->i_next_transaction == transaction)
return 0;
spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
if (jinode->i_transaction == transaction ||
jinode->i_next_transaction == transaction)
goto done;
/*
* We only ever set this variable to 1 so the test is safe. Since
* t_need_data_flush is likely to be set, we do the test to save some
* cacheline bouncing
*/
if (!transaction->t_need_data_flush)
transaction->t_need_data_flush = 1;
/* On some different transaction's list - should be
* the committing one */
if (jinode->i_transaction) {
J_ASSERT(jinode->i_next_transaction == NULL);
J_ASSERT(jinode->i_transaction ==
journal->j_committing_transaction);
jinode->i_next_transaction = transaction;
goto done;
}
/* Not on any transaction list... */
J_ASSERT(!jinode->i_next_transaction);
jinode->i_transaction = transaction;
list_add(&jinode->i_list, &transaction->t_inode_list);
done:
spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
return 0;
}
/*
* File truncate and transaction commit interact with each other in a
* non-trivial way. If a transaction writing data block A is
* committing, we cannot discard the data by truncate until we have
* written them. Otherwise if we crashed after the transaction with
* write has committed but before the transaction with truncate has
* committed, we could see stale data in block A. This function is a
* helper to solve this problem. It starts writeout of the truncated
* part in case it is in the committing transaction.
*
* Filesystem code must call this function when inode is journaled in
* ordered mode before truncation happens and after the inode has been
* placed on orphan list with the new inode size. The second condition
* avoids the race that someone writes new data and we start
* committing the transaction after this function has been called but
* before a transaction for truncate is started (and furthermore it
* allows us to optimize the case where the addition to orphan list
* happens in the same transaction as write --- we don't have to write
* any data in such case).
*/
int jbd2_journal_begin_ordered_truncate(journal_t *journal,
struct jbd2_inode *jinode,
loff_t new_size)
{
transaction_t *inode_trans, *commit_trans;
int ret = 0;
/* This is a quick check to avoid locking if not necessary */
if (!jinode->i_transaction)
goto out;
/* Locks are here just to force reading of recent values, it is
* enough that the transaction was not committing before we started
* a transaction adding the inode to orphan list */
read_lock(&journal->j_state_lock);
commit_trans = journal->j_committing_transaction;
read_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
spin_lock(&journal->j_list_lock);
inode_trans = jinode->i_transaction;
spin_unlock(&journal->j_list_lock);
if (inode_trans == commit_trans) {
ret = filemap_fdatawrite_range(jinode->i_vfs_inode->i_mapping,
new_size, LLONG_MAX);
if (ret)
jbd2_journal_abort(journal, ret);
}
out:
return ret;
}